Women in business and management in Thailand
According to the report of International Labour Organization (ILO) authors by Bureau for Employers’ Activities in November 2014 said that “As women overtake men in education, they are running a third of the world’s businesses. However, women business owners are concentrated in small and micro-businesses, and still only 5 per cent or less of CEOs of the largest global corporations are women.” This report highlights the business case for gender diversity and the obstacles women still face as well as ways to move ahead, underlining the fact that women’s presence in the labour market is increasingly significant for economic growth and development at both enterprise and national levels. It advocates for a greater role for national business organizations, which can assist their member companies with putting in place policies and measures to recruit and retain talent. The report also shows that women still have to deal with a number of hurdles to reach positions as CEOs and company board members. While women have advanced in business and management, they continue to be shut out of higher level economic decision-making despite activism in the last decade to smash the “glass ceiling”. The report calls for a closer examination of the career paths of women and men to ensure that subtle gender biases are eliminated, proposing an array of initiatives that challenge gender stereotypes and corporate cultures, and that seek to reconcile work and family responsibilities.”
One Half of the Thai popualtion is female (In 2014, the population of Thai is 64,871,000 and the population of Thai women is 33,329,000: National Statistical Office, and women paly an important role in Thailand’s economy. The Grant Thornton International, the organization of independent audit, tax and advisory firms, showed women play an important role in economies of developing countries including the world economy. Thailand also has 45% of woman CEOs, more than the ASEANs countries and China, and 36% of woman senior managers, higher than the G7 countries (21%). These ratios are significant to the growth rate of the GDPs of these countries. The percentage of thai women in CEO positionshas incrased 30% in the past 20 years indicating thai women can work in the formal economy due to knowledge and capability. Concerning the Marital Status, unmarried women have more opportunity to be a women CEOs because married women have obstacles including child care.
Today, the gender gap in education is decreasing dramatically in Thialand maening more women will be eligible for higher managerial positions. Women are important to economic growth, especially in developing country.
- Women in Business and Management: Gaining momentum: avalible at:http://ilo.org/global/publications/books/forthcoming-publications/WCMS_316450/lang–en/index.htm
1. Miss Suppaluk Bunnara 2. Miss Apisara Phungjan 3. Miss Suphannee Mahisanan 4. Miss Pimpan Kanchanasutthisaeng 5. Miss Sarida Koythong Group