Women and Thailand’s industry sector
Table of Contents
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Situation of women workerswomen,economy and labor. http://www.gender.go.th/report/report…/economy.htmlRetrieved 10 July 2012
- 3 Status of Thai Women in the last 2 decadesNapas Sirisampant.Status of women in the last 2 decades. Bangkok. 2544.
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
- 7 Group 11
The number of women workers has increased in Thailand in recent years,National Statistical Office, retrieved on 10 July 2012 and the role of women in the workplace is being icreasingly recognised around the world. The years 1976–1981 known as the “Decade for Women”, were the starting point of international efforts in the field of women’s development. The advancement of Thai Women has joined the world stage, as in 1985 it was the first time that Thai Women were administered by representatives of the government in Nairobi, Kenya. The goal of the proposed developments of Thai women working is the health, education, participation in decision- making and the law. http://www.gender.go.th/report/report…/economy.html. The number of women in the agricultural sector continues to decline, and women move to the labour market as more and more industries develop. Women are essential to contribute to the country’s growing economy. In the past decade, the number of women workers entering the industry sector was impressive: in 2554 (or 2011), the total workforce was 38464666.83 people, of which 17650384.34 women and 14282.4875 men. http://www.wikigender.org/images//…/WikiGender_1780_l.png?r=1346299540 Table Source : The Labor Force Survey: National Statistical Office, Ministry of Information and Communication Technology. EMPLOYED PERSONS 15 YEARS AND OVER BY OCCUPATION AND SEX, WHOLE KINGDOM: 2002 – 2011The Labor Force Survey: National Statistical Office, Ministry of Information and Communication Technology. EMPLOYED PERSONS 15 YEARS AND OVER BY OCCUPATION AND SEX, WHOLE KINGDOM: 2002 – 2011http://service.nso.go.th/nso/nsopubli…/basestat.htmlRetrieved 10 July 2012 The above table shows that almost half of the workforce is comprised of women and the number of women workers has consistently increased. One can imagine the benefits for Thailand’s economy, as more and more women develop their skills and educational background. At present, economic and social conditions is encourage the workforce and raw materials in the country. Thai women are also more likely to have a role in the business world. Thailand has women who succeeded in the business world, for example “Yuwadee Jiratiwat”, President of the Central Department Store. She is one of Asia‘s 50 Most Powerful Businesswomen ranked by Forbes magazine. File:Yuwadee-chirathivat.jpg|Yuwadee Jiratiwat From: Forbes magazine
Situation of women workerswomen,economy and labor. http://www.gender.go.th/report/report…/economy.htmlRetrieved 10 July 2012
- Women workers are mostly unskilled, with a low level f education. About 58 percent have no education beyond primary school. Their working experience is limited, and they do not benefit from the same employment conditions as men. Sometimes, women get exploited by their employers, for example in terms of their wages and well-being at work.
- Some women workers see their health deteriorate as they work in factories and are exposed to toxic chemicals or dust.
- Society puts pressure on women and children to leave the agricultural labour force and enter the labour market in the industry, trade and the service sectors.
- In the past 20 years, employee has transformed the employers hiring in factories. To the more formal employment. Distributed to regional and rural areas. The labor force has produced goods as well as women and children, almost 90%.
- Advances in technology contribute to a better and more efficient working environment; at the same time, women need to be continuously trained to acquire the necessary skills to enter the labour market in the industrial sector.
Status of Thai Women in the last 2 decadesNapas Sirisampant.Status of women in the last 2 decades. Bangkok. 2544.
There are some differences between the urban and rural populations, for example the illiteracy rate of rural inhabitants is higher due to their remoteness to new technologies and education. Women especially havea high illiteracy rate because they lack access to education. The percentage of female illiterates is higher than that of men, despite a slight decrease in the last 20 years. This is explained by the fact that households have progressively shifted their attitudes and make sure that their children receive an education. There are still issues with the field of study for women, as most women complete their education to a professional level in areas such as sewing, beauty, etc. But computer and technology are still preferred fiels of study for men. Women must be encouraged to receive formal and non-formal education, to develop their leadership skills at all levels. Also, non-formal education should be targeted to disadvantaged women. There is a higher proportion of women in sectors such as manufacturing, trading and services. This started before the country could develop into a Newly industrialized country. The manufacturing base has caused changes in the structure of Thai society: women have stepped out into the job market. In particular, the proportion of non-agricultural activities is greatly reduced, replaced by industry.