The situation of single mothers in Thailand
Wikis > The situation of single mothers in Thailand
Table of Contents
- In recent years, the Thai family structure has been transformed from nuclear family to single family due to changing in economic and social structure. There is some statistic data which reported the divorce rate in Thailand has increased from 0.11% in 1950 to 0.76, 2.1, and 8.6% in 1983, 2007 and 2008 respectively. In connection with this trend, the rate of single mothers has also increased. However the social welfare system for single mothers only applies to those women who are working. This means they are obliged to juggle both employment, and to take care of their children.
- According to the Thailand Civil and Commercial Code Title II, Parent and Child Chapter I, Parentage Law Code, “The status ensuing from continuous common repute of being a legitimate child is proved by means of facts showing the relationship with father and child, as evidenced by the child’s connection with the family to which he claim to belong, such as the fact that the father has provided for the child’s education or maintenance, or that he has allowed the child to use his family name or other facts” (section 1555) 
- The legal system in Thailand has created direct and indirect discrimination between men and woman and may actually be leading to the rise in single mothers. In order to obtain support from either fathers or the government, with claiming their rights, various barriers related to the legal conditions and procedures have to be passed by single moms. It has been found that a number of women do not understand the process of accessing their rights as provided by law. As a result, single moms take on the burden of raising their children alone with out support from the state or the father or their children.
- Currently, Thailand has no direct welfare assistance for single moms. The existing welfare system fails to respond to the financial needs of single moms. Although some single moms get some benefits, it is not enough for living. On the other hand, these people require the government to provide consultation service about psychological treatments, information and legal term for assisting single moms.
- Comparing to other countries, foreign governments like USA, UK, Australia, Japan and South Korea have a welfare system which provides benefits for single-parent families in three aspects that is Contributory benefits or social insurance, Mean-tested benefits and Categorical or contingent benefits.
- Thai legal system should propose extensive laws for enforcing men to share responsibility associated with raising the children even though they’re not get married legally with children’s mothers. Furthermore, Thai government should provide separated welfare from others by considering what single moms really need and assisting them properly. Government should realize that children of separated families are also the asset of the nation. If they are well brought up, the country will gain benefit from them.
- 1. Navarat Panjaroen EP54148010100
- 2. Nisara Thongsri EP54148010102
- 3. Kewalin Saelu EP54148010343
- 4. Arunee Wongwal EP54148010383