Thailand’s Youth Policy
Table of Contents
- 1 Population of Thailand Population by Age http://www.ipsr.mahidol.ac.th/ipsr/PublicationGazette.aspx….
- 2 The Importance of Children’s Voice Youth Development http://www.youthpolicy.org/national/Thailand_2010_Youth_Policy_Summary.p….
- 3 Thailand’s Youth Policy Government’s Policy on Youth http://www.youthpolicy.org/national/Thailand_2010_Youth_Policy_Summary.p….
- 4 The Policy in Action
- 5 A comparison with Cambodia ‘s Youth Policy Cambodia Policy http://www.moeys.gov.kh/en/youth.html.
- 6 A comparison with Myanmar ‘s Youth Policy Myanmar http://alumni.uwcsea.edu.sg/news/1047…/Developing-a-National-Youth-Policy-Myanmar.htm.
- 7 References
- 8 Group3
Population of Thailand Population by Age http://www.ipsr.mahidol.ac.th/ipsr/PublicationGazette.aspx….population
- Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000 population) : Number of births in one year divided by midyear population and multiply by 1,000.
- Crude Death Rate (per 1,000 population) : Number of deaths in one year divided by midyear population and multiply by 1,000.
- Natural Growth Rate (percent) : Number of births minus number of deaths divided by midyear population and multiply by 100.
- Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births) : Number of deaths of infants under age 1 in one year divided by total live births in that year and multiply by 1,000.
- Child (under 5) Mortality Ratio (per 1,000 live births) : Number of deaths of children under age 5 in one year divided by total live births in that year and multiplied by 1,000.
- Total Fertility Rate (TFR) : Average number of children a woman would have throughout her reproductive years, calculated by summing the age-specific fertility rates of women of reproductive age.
- Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (percent) : Percent of currently married women age 15 – 49 using contraception.
The Importance of Children’s Voice Youth Development http://www.youthpolicy.org/national/Thailand_2010_Youth_Policy_Summary.p….
To aid in their development, children’s views should be taken into account in all matters that affect them. The Thai Government has provided Thai youth with a voice, establishing the Children and Youth Councils at the national, provincial and district levels. These serve as channels to listen to children’s views and ensure their participation in decision-making and policy formulation processes.
Thailand’s Youth Policy Government’s Policy on Youth http://www.youthpolicy.org/national/Thailand_2010_Youth_Policy_Summary.p….
Thailand’s National Youth Policy has been developed within the framework of the Thailand’s legal system, including the Constitution and the Promotion of Child and Youth Development Act, B.E. 2550 (2007).
The Constitution places emphasis on the State’s overarching duty to promote and protect children and youth, while the Youth Development Act requires the state to specifically contribute to the promotion of programmes and activities for children and youth at all levels. The National Youth Policy and the National Child and Youth Development Plan was implemented in 2002 to bring these requirements into action. The plan’s long-term objectives were in place between 2002 and 2011.
The policy and plan’s focus was on three main strategies including:
- the development of youth potential in the areas of health, education, social responsibility, community and social participation;
- the family and community’s responsibility for the development of youth; and
- the administrative system’s development incorporating a focus on legal development and mobilisation of resources for youth development.
The Policy in Action
ProgrammesStrategies and Directions for Helping Thai Children Achieve Desirable Qualities http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5630e/x5630e03.htm….
Child and youth development programme
Strategies and directions for helping Thai children achieve desirable qualities:
1. Physical and Mental Health Development
Health promotion and services; mental health development; life skills development; health monitoring and referral; accident prevention; sports and recreation; promotion of arts and music; promotion of productive use of free time.
2. Religious, Moral, Ethical, Cultural and National Identity Enhancement
Religious, moral and ethics enhancement; promotion of discipline and national identity; promotion of Thai culture and tradition; conservation.
3. Intellectual and Skills Development
Intellectual and skill enhancement; promotion of educational information; development of education in science and technology.
4. Preparation for Modern Economy
Promotion and development of work ethic; career development; development of appropriate consumerism; and development of career information systems.
5. Creation of Awareness and Participation in Sustainable Development
Development of knowledge in Sustainable Development; conservation and enhancement and development of natural resources and the environment.
6. Creation of Awareness and Participation in Democratic Development
Development of democratic concepts, understanding and behaviour; promotion of community participation.
7. Enhancement of Positive Environment for Youth Development
Empowerment of family and community; creation of Child Rights Protection Mechanism; development and improvement of youth related laws; improving legal literacy; promotion of the roles of social sector leaders for Youth Development including Religious Groups, Mass Media, Politicians, Teachers, Justice and Child Rights Personnel, Business Sector, Recreation and Sports Professionals.
8. Creation of Unifying Mechanisms for Youth Development
Developing the skills of Youth Development personnel; enhancement of Youth Development Network; enhancement of Youth Development Management; support for researches on youth issues; and development of effective indicators for Youth Development.
A comparison with Cambodia ‘s Youth Policy Cambodia Policy http://www.moeys.gov.kh/en/youth.html.
Policy 1: Through the Youth Development Program, ensuring equitable access to education services extends to youths that have previously had no educational opportunities
Policy 2: Improving the quality and efficiency of educational services
Increase the quality and efficiency of the youth development program in support of social and economic development.
Policy 3: Institutional and capacity development for educational staff to support decentralisation.
Strengthen the management capacity of the youth development program to address youth demands in the region.
A comparison with Myanmar ‘s Youth Policy Myanmar http://alumni.uwcsea.edu.sg/news/1047…/Developing-a-National-Youth-Policy-Myanmar.htm.
Myanmar does not have a national youth policy. In light of political developments in the country, a group coordinating an upcoming Myanmar Youth Forum are looking to start a process that will lead to the establishment of a national youth policy in Myanmar.
ECS 485 B01Current economic problems and issues
The members of Group 3 are:
(From left to right)