Roe v Wade
Revision for “Roe v Wade” created on November 4, 2015 @ 14:08:08
Roe v Wade
In January 22, 1973, "Abortion was legalised in the "Gender due to the landmark Supreme Court case, Roe v. Wade overtuned a Texas interpretation of abortion law, and by doing so, overtuned all state and federal laws outlawing or restricting abortion.
<h2>Table of Contents</h2>
<li class="toclevel-1"><a href="#w_background"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">Background</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1"><a href="#w_ruling"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Ruling</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1"><a href="#w_impact"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Impact</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1"><a href="#w_references"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li>
In 1970, attorneys Linda Coffee and Sarah Weddington filed suit in a U.S. District Court in Texas on behalf of Norma L. McCorvey ("Jane Roe"). McCorvey claimed her pregnancy was the result of rape. The defendant in the case was Dallas County District Attorney Henry Wade, representing the State of Texas. Roe v. Wade ultimately reached the U.S. Supreme Court on appeal in 1972. In preliminary arguments, Justice Harry Blackbun noted the ambiguity in Texan abortion laws.
The Roe v. Wade decision held that a woman, with her doctor, could choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy without restriction, and with restrictions in later months, based on the right to privacy. The court issued its decision on January 22, 1973, with a 7 to 2 majority.
The ruling established abortion as a fundamental right under the United States Constitution: specifically, after overviewing the opposition to abortion from a historical perspective, the Justices found that women had the right of privacy (enshrined in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment) and that the Constitution did not include protection of the unborn:
The Roe v Wade ruling remains controversial in contemporary US politics, resurfacing as an election issue during the 2008 Presidential election. John McCain, the Republication nominee for President, stated in 2007, that "I do not support Roe versus Wade. It should be overturned." This represents a significant shift from his views in 1999: "I’d love to see a point where it is irrelevant, and could be repealed because abortion is no longer necessary. But certainly in the short term, or even the long term, I would not support repeal of Roe v. Wade, which would then force X number of women in America to [undergo] illegal and dangerous operations." The Democratic nominee for President, Barack Obama, openly supported Roe v Wade: ""I think that most Americans recognize that this is a profoundly difficult issue for the women and families who make these decisions. They don’t make them casually. And I trust women to make these decisions, in conjunction with their doctors and their families and their clergy, and I think that’s where most Americans are."