is the Chancellor of Germany. Merkel, elected to the German Parliament from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, has been the chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 9 April 2000, and Chairwoman of the CDU-CSU parliamentary party group from 2002 to 2005.
Following the 2005 federal election, she was appointed Germany’s first female Chancellor. In 2007, Merkel was President of the European Council and chaired the G8, the second woman to do so, after Margaret Thatcher.Wikipedia, “Angela Merkel”, available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angela_Merkel
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After studying physics at the University of Leipzig (1973-78), Angela Merkel was a member of the academic staff at the Central Institute of Physical Chemistry at the Academy of Sciences in East Berlin between 1978-1990. She was awarded her doctorate in Quantum Chemistry in 1989.
After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, Angela Merkel joined the political party, the ‘Democratic Awakening’. She was elected to the Bundestag in 1990.
1990s and Helmut Kohl
She became Minister for Women and Youth in Helmut Kohl’s 3rd cabinet and in 1994, the Minister for the Environment and Reactor Safety. She was perceived as one of Kohl’s protégées: she was referred to by Kohl as “das Mädchen” (“the girl”). IN 1998, after the electoral defeat of Kohl, she was elected as the Secretary-General of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). In 2000, in the wake of a scandal involving a party slush fund, she publicly broke with Kohl who was severely implicated. She was the first of his allies to break with him.
CDU Chairwoman (2000-2005)
She was elected the Secretary General of the CDU in April 2000, making her the head of opposition. She was the first female Chair. Although her popularity amongst the German public increased, she was not chosen by her party as a candidate for Chancellor against Gerhard Schroeder in the 2002 elections; Edmund Stoiber, leader of the sister-party the CSU, was chosen instead. After his defeat, Merkel was chosen as the leader of the conservative opposition in the Bundestag.
Merkel supported a substantial reform agenda concerning Germany’s economic and social system. She advocated changes to German labour law, specifically, removing barriers to laying off employees and increasing the allowed number of work hours in a week.
Prime Minister Angela Merkel is a member of the Council of Women World Leaders , an international network of current and former women presidents and prime ministers whose mission is to mobilize the highest-level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of critical importance to women and equitable development.
- BBC (2009), “Germany’s Merkel begins new term”
- TIME (2007), “Angela Merkel”
- “Germany’s Merkel begins new term”. BBC. 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- “Der Spiegel – Spiegel Online – Nachrichten”. Spiegel.de. 2000-12-25. Retrieved 2010-03-02.