Table of Contents
- CEDAW: ratified on 5 September 1995 without reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report (2014)
- Maputo Protocol: signed on 24 April 2012
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- The National Union of Eritrean Women
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition , Eritrea was not classified in the SIGI due to lack of full dataset. It has lower discrimination in restricted civil liberties and higher discrimination in restricted physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/eritrea
Key Gender StatisticsWorld Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- There is no recent data available on primary and secondary school enrolment rates.
- In 2012, 61% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 80% of men.
- There is no recent data available on average years of school. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- In 2013, there were 880 maternal deaths, representing 380 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 63 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 82% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 91% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 48% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women’s Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review