Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: Ratified on 6 November 1984 with reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Ratified on 6 September 2000 with reservations
- National CEDAW report: 2010
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): No Action Plan
- Ministry of Women and Children affairs
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Bangladesh’s score was 0.39, placing it among countries with a very high level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very high levels of discrimination in family code and son bias, high level in resources and assets and medium levels in physical integrity and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/bangladesh
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2010, the ratio of female to male primary school enrollment was 104%.
- In 2010, 93% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 90% of boys.
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male secondary school enrollment was 116%.
- In 2012, 51% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 44% of boys.
- In 2012, 55% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 62% of men.
- In 2010, both women and men had on average 6 years of schooling.
- In 2013, there were 5,200 maternal deaths, representing 170 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 79 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19).
- In 2011, 13.5 % of women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 60% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 87% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 40% of the total labour force.
- In 2011, 38% of women in the labour force were employed in vulnerable employment compared to 61% of men in the labour force.
- There is no recent data available for women’s share of agricultural employment.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
3. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2016
- The overseas development institute
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia/Pacific
- UNICEF country program Bangladesh
- UN Women programs in Bangladesh
- Human rights watch Bangladesh
- USAID gender equality Bangladesh
- Bangladesh Women’s foundation
- UN Women Bangladesh
- Bangladesh National Woman Lawyers Association
- HRW Bangladesh labour law
- OECD Gender Index Bangladesh