Table of Contents
- CEDAW: Ratified on 5 March 2003
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Not Ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2011
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): National Action Plan launched in 2015
- Ministry of Women’s Affairs
- National Action Plan for the Women of Afghanistan (2008-2018)
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Afghanistan’s score was 0.3224, placing it among countries with a high level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very high levels of discrimination in family code and son bias, and medium levels in civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/afghanist
Key Gender Statistics 
- There is no recent data available on primary school enrollment rates.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrollment was 55%.
- In 2013, 33% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 60% of boys.
- In 2011, 18% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 45% of men.
- In 2010, women had an average of 2 years of schooling compared to over 5 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 4,200 maternal deaths, representing 400 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 83 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 16% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 81% of the male working-age population was.
- In 2013, women represented 16% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available for women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available for women’s share of agricultural employment.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2016
- Afghanistan Unveiled (Documentary)
- Revolutionary Association of the Women in Afghanistan
- Women and the conflict in Afghanistan
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- UNESCO Institute for Statistics regional and country profiles
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- Women’s Role in Afghanistan’s Future
- Violence against Women in Afghanistan
- Freedom House (2013), Freedom in the World – Afghanistan