Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 27 October 1981
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2005
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Ministry of Women
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Nicaragua’s score was 0.1595 placing it among countries with a medium level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very high levels of discrimination in family code, medium levels resources and assets, but low levels levels in son bias. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/nicaragua
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2010, 92% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 91% of boys.
- In 2010, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 101%.
- In 2010, 48.5% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 42% of boys.
- In 2010, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 114%.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates among women and men.
- In 2010, women had on average 7 years of schooling compared to 6 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 140 maternal deaths, representing 100 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 99 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 50% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 82.5% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 38% of the total labour force.
- In 2010, 56% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 41% of men in the labour force.
- In 2010, 15% of women in the labour force were employed in the agriculture sector compared to 44% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Americas and the Caribbean
- HRW Nicaragua
- OECD Gender Index Nicaragua
- UN ECLAC Gender Affairs
- Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Gender Equality Observatory
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Nicaragua
- UNDP Human development report 2015
- UNDP Latin America report 2015/2016
- Report on MDG Latin America and the Caribbean
- UNICEF Country Programme Nicaragua