Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: Ratified on 19 January 1982
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Ratified on 23 January 2007
- National CEDAW report: 2012
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): No Action Plan
- Alta Consejerìa Presidencial para la Equidad de la Mujer
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Colombia’s score was 0.0862, placing it among countries with a low level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very low levels of discrimination in son bias and resources and assets, low levels in physical integrity and family code and high level in civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/colombia
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2010, 87% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 88% of boys.
- In 2010, the ratio of female to male primary school enrollment was 99%.
- In 2013, 77% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 71% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary school enrollment was 108%.
- In 2011, 94% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 93% of men
- In 2010, women and men had on average 9 years of schooling. 
- In 2013, there were 760 maternal deaths, representing 83 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 68 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19).
- In 2010, 8% of women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 60% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 82% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 43% of the total labour force.
- In 2012, 51% of women in the labour force were employed in vulnerable employment compared to 47% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 7% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 24% of men in the labour force.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Americas and the Caribbean
- UN ECLAC Gender Affairs
- Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Gender Equality Observatory
- UNDP Human development report 2015
- UNDP Latin America report 2015/2016
- Report on MDG Latin America and the Caribbean
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Colombia
- UNICEF Country Programme Colombia 2008-2012
- HRW Country Report 2015 Colombia
- OECD Gender Index Colombia
- UNDP Colombia case study