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In Moldova, the life expectancy at birth is 69 years for both sexes, females have a higher life expectancy average rate with 73 years, whereas men can expect an average of 65 years. Thus, men in the Moldova have a nearly average Life expectancy to the global average of 66 years for men and 71 years for women. The adult mortality rate (per 1000 adults between 15-59 years) remains high with 222 in contrast to the global average of 176. The maternal mortality ratio is measured with 32 deaths per 100000 live births, which is comparably low when considering the global average of 260 deaths. The under-5 mortality rate has decreased significantly from 1990 till today, and is stated as 17 deaths per 1000 live births, which includes both sexes and is below the global average of 60 deaths. Prevalence of HIV occurs at 4 cases per 1000 adultus aged from 15-49 years, which is half of the average of 8 cases globally. The prevalence of tuberculosis is however higher with 264 cases per 100000, than the global average with 201 cases. Tobacco smoking shows a large contrast between the genders; 44,7% of 15+ years old men are regular smokers, but only 5,4% of women smoke regularly. 10% of the male adult 20+ population and 28,8% of females are considered to suffer from obesityhttp://www.who.int/gho/countries/mda.pdf.
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.
The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition , Republic of Moldova has low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: of moldova http://www.genderindex.org/country/republic of moldova
The Women, Business and the Law
Where are laws equal for men and women?
The Women, Business and the Law, 2012 presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women’s prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women’s economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.