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In Belarus, the life expectancy at birth is 70 years for both sexes, females have a higher Life average rate with 76 years, whereas men can expect an average of 64 years. Thus, there is a Gender differences in life expectancy ; men in Belarus have a slightly lower life expectancy compared to the global average of 66 years for men and 71 years for women. The adult mortality rate (per 1000 adults between 15-59 years) remains high with 221 in contrast to the global average of 176. The maternal mortality ratio is significlantly low with 15 deaths per 100000 live births, which is comparably low when considering the global average of 260 deaths. The under-5 mortality rate has decreased profoundly from 1990 to today, and is stated as 12 deaths per 1000 live births, which includes both sexes and is below the gloal average of 60 deaths. Prevalence of HIV occurs at 3 cases per 1000 adults aged from 15-49 years, which is lower than the average of 8 cases globally. The prevalence of tuberculosis is also significantly lower with 58 cases per 10000 of the population, coompared to 201 cases as the global average. Tobacco smoking is certainly higher among men with 64,4% of 15+ years olds being a regular smoker and 21,6% of women smoking regularly. 19,7% of the male adult 20+ population and 26,4% of females are considered to suffer from obesityhttp://www.who.int/gho/countries/blr.pdf.
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.
The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition , Belarus has very low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets and higher discrimination in restricted physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/belarus
The Women, Business and the Law
Where are laws equal for men and women?
The Women, Business and the Law, 2012 presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women’s prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women’s economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas:
accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.