Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 11 May 1994
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 23 June 2003
- National CEDAW report: 2014
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Albania’s score was 0.2476 placing it among countries with a high level of discrimination in social institutions. It had low levels of discrimination in family code, medium levels in civil liberties, physical integrity, resources and assets, but very high levels in son bias. Read the full country profile and access the data: http://www.genderindex.org/country/albania
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment rates.
- There is no recent data available on secondary school enrolment rates.
- In 2011, 96% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 98% of men.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 10 years of schooling .
- In 2013, there were 8 maternal deaths, representing 21 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 14 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 52 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 74% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 41% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 62% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 55% men in the labour force.
- In 2010, 53% of women in the labour force were employed in the agriculture sector compared to 33% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Europe and Central Asia
- OECD Gender Index Albania
- UNECE Gender
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Albania
- UNDP Human development report 2015
- UNFPA Albania
- UNICEF Country Programme Albania