Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 3.1 Education
- 3.2 Health
- 3.3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 9 August 1985
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 14 June 2000
- National CEDAW report: 2015
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Office of Women’s Affairs and Family Development
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Thailand’s score was 0.1056 placing it among countries with a low level of discrimination in social institutions. It had medium levels of discrimination in family code, resources and assets, son bias, and in civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/thailand
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment.
- In 2012, 82% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 77% of boys.
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 106%.
- In 2010, 96% of women and men aged 15+ were literate.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 8 years of schooling .
- In 2013, there were 180 maternal deaths, representing 26 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 40 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- In 2012, 7% of women aged 15-49 had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 71 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 86% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 46% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 58% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 54% of men in the labour force.
- In 2013, 38% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 41% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Thailand
- OECD Gender Index Thailand
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Thailand
- UN Women Thailand
- UNICEF Thailand
- UNFPA Thailand