Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 22 July 1997
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2015
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Myanmar National Working Committee for Women’s Affairs
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Myanmar’ score was 0.293512 placing it among countries with a high level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very low levels of discrimination in son bias, but high to very high levels in family code, physical integrity, resources and assets, and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/myanmar
Key Gender Statistics 
- There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment rates.
- In 2010, 48% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 46% of boys.
- In 2010, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 105%.
- In 2012, 90.5% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 95% of men.
- In 2010, women on average 5 years of schooling compared to 4.5 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 1,900 maternal deaths, representing 200 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 11 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 79 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 85% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 50% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Burma
- OECD Gender Index Myanmar
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Myanmar
- UN Women Myanmar
- UNICEF Myanmar
- UNFPA Myanmar
- Burma’s Women Are Still Fighting for Their Rights | Foreign Policy