The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 180 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers four dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discrimination in the family, restricted physical integrity, restricted access to productive and financial resources, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2019 Edition, Australia’s has a SIGI value of 16%, placing it among countries with a very low level of discrimination in social institutions. It has a very low level of discrimination in access to productive and financial resources and low levels of discrimination in the family, in physical integrity, and in civil liberty. Further information and data is available on the gender index website, which also provides a detailed country profile for Australia.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Australia
- OECD Gender Index Australia
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Australia
- Australian Human Rights Commission: Gender Equality