Difference between revisions of "Violence against women and the Millennium Development Goals"

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Violence against women<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1312988782153_237" /> is considered as an obstacle to development and to the achievement of the [[Millennium Development Goals]]. This issue was studied in a WHO (World Health Organisation) report, entitled [http://www.who.int/gender/documents/women_MDGs_report/en/index.html “Addressing violence against women and achieving the Millennium Development Goals”] and published in 2005<ref>[http://www.who.int/gender/documents/women_MDGs_report/en/index.html “Addressing violence against women and achieving the Millennium Development Goals”, WHO report, 2005.]</ref>.  
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Violence against women is considered as an obstacle to development and to the achievement of the [[Millennium Development Goals]]. This issue was studied in a WHO (World Health Organisation) report, entitled [http://www.who.int/gender/documents/women_MDGs_report/en/index.html “Addressing violence against women and achieving the Millennium Development Goals”] and published in 2005<ref>[http://www.who.int/gender/documents/women_MDGs_report/en/index.html “Addressing violence against women and achieving the Millennium Development Goals”, WHO report, 2005.]</ref>.  
  
 
Violence against women and the MDGS are linked in two ways:  
 
Violence against women and the MDGS are linked in two ways:  
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*Preventing violence against women is considered as a way to contribute achieving the MDGs.
 
*Preventing violence against women is considered as a way to contribute achieving the MDGs.
  
Incidentally, fight against violence against women was literally mentioned in the Millennium Declaration of September 2000.<br>
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Incidentally, fight against violence against women was literally mentioned in the Millennium Declaration of September 2000.<br>  
  
 
== MDG 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger  ==
 
== MDG 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger  ==
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== MDG 8: Develop a global partnership for development  ==
 
== MDG 8: Develop a global partnership for development  ==
  
If we want the partnership for development to be global, it has to include half of the population, that is to say men and women. It is impossible to consider a society to be developed if women are victims of violence.<br>
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If we want the partnership for development to be global, it has to include half of the population, that is to say men and women. It is impossible to consider a society to be developed if women are victims of violence.<br>  
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references /><br>
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<references /><br>  
  
 
== See Also  ==
 
== See Also  ==
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[[Millennium Development Goals]]  
 
[[Millennium Development Goals]]  
  
[[Millenium Development Goals and Women's Health|Millennium Development Goals and Women’s Health]]<br>
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[[Millenium Development Goals and Women's Health|Millennium Development Goals and Women’s Health]]<br>  
  
 
== External Links  ==
 
== External Links  ==
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[http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/en/ Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability on WHO website]&nbsp;  
 
[http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/en/ Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability on WHO website]&nbsp;  
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[[Category:Environment]][[Category:Education]][[Category:Health]][[Category:Economy]]
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[[Category:Environment]] [[Category:Education]] [[Category:Health]] [[Category:Economy]]

Revision as of 17:19, 22 September 2011

Violence against women is considered as an obstacle to development and to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. This issue was studied in a WHO (World Health Organisation) report, entitled “Addressing violence against women and achieving the Millennium Development Goals” and published in 2005[1].

Violence against women and the MDGS are linked in two ways:

  • Working towards the MDGs can be seen as a way to reduce violence against women
  • Preventing violence against women is considered as a way to contribute achieving the MDGs.

Incidentally, fight against violence against women was literally mentioned in the Millennium Declaration of September 2000.

MDG 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Women living in poverty are more likely to experience violence, for two different reasons:

  • Men living in poverty more likely to be violent because of a difficult economic situation (unemployment, low wages, etc.)
  • Women facing violence having fewer resources to escape violence

Even if increasing the education of women and providing them with more resources could help them, this will not be enough to eliminate violence. It is therefore necessary to ensure that everything is done to protect women, from migrant women, displaced by conflicts (where violence against women is used as a weapon), to women and girls victims of human trafficking.

MDG 2: Achieve universal primary education

As women living in poverty, women with low or no education are more likely to face violence during their life. On the contrary, educated women have wider social networks, a greater ability to use information, and therefore more tools not to be victims of violence, or escape from it.

The danger is that some girls empowered by education might face more violence because of the bad reaction of men, not accepting this empowerment. But on average, there is no doubt educating girls help prevent violence against women.

Also, education can be used to educate about violence, by raising awareness of students on this subject.

MDG 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

This MDG specifically focus on fighting violence against women, as it is a serious hinder to gender equality. In the same time, achieving gender equality is a way of eliminating violence against women.

Violence against women and gender inequality are strongly intertwined, as violence is often seen as legitimate, considering that women are seen as inferior in numerous societies. Most of gender-based violence happens in the household. And yet, in many countries, this is not forbidden by the law or social norms, but considered as normal. It is therefore necessary to both fight against these social norms and empower women.

MDG 4: Reduce child mortality

Violence against women plays a role in the figure of child mortality as girls are victims of physical and sexual violence leading to their death. Female infanticide is still practiced in some parts of the world, where son preference is the norm. Therefore, fighting against female infanticide and violence against women is a way of substantially reducing child mortality.

MDG 5: Improve maternal health

Maternal health is seriously threatened by violence against women. Many women experience violence from their partner during pregnancy, leading to high risks to lose the baby. Partner violence also has long-term consequences, both physical and psychological.

MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

In 2003, in sub-Saharan Africa, 57% of adults infected with HIV/AIDS were women and 75% of infected young people were women and girls[2].

Women victims of violence are more likely to be infected with HIV/AIDS are they are less likely to be able to be able to freely choose who to have sexual intercourses with or to impose their sexual partner to use a condom. Also, fear of violence prevents some women to test for HIV. And yet, it is essential to have access to antiretroviral treatment.

The fight against HIV/AIDS therefore has to be completed by a higher consideration of the issue of violence against women.

MDG 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

MDG 7 has few links with the issue of violence against women. The WHO report only underlines that many conflicts around the world are linked to competition for resources. And as we know, violence against women is very often used as a weapon in times of war. Therefore, in a small measure, ensuring environmental sustainability could be a way to reduce the number of conflicts around the world, and in this way, reducing violence against women.

MDG 8: Develop a global partnership for development

If we want the partnership for development to be global, it has to include half of the population, that is to say men and women. It is impossible to consider a society to be developed if women are victims of violence.

References

  1. “Addressing violence against women and achieving the Millennium Development Goals”, WHO report, 2005.
  2. UNAIDS 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. Geneva, UNAIDS, 2004, p. 22.

See Also

Violence against women

Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goals and Women’s Health

External Links

Gender, Women and Health on WHO website

Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability on WHO website 


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