Feminism

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<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1310484542584_233" />[[Image:371px-Woman-power emblem svg.png|thumb|right|120px]]Feminism comprises a number of social, cultural and political movements, theories and moral philosophies concerned with gender inequalities and equal rights for women.  
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[[Image:371px-Woman-power emblem svg.png|thumb|right|120px]]Feminism comprises a number of social, cultural and political movements, theories and moral philosophies concerned with gender inequalities and equal rights for women.  
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
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*[http://www-scf.usc.edu/~saddawik/Famous/famous.html Famous Feminists]  
 
*[http://www-scf.usc.edu/~saddawik/Famous/famous.html Famous Feminists]  
 
*[http://www.awpsych.org/ Association for Women in Psychology]  
 
*[http://www.awpsych.org/ Association for Women in Psychology]  
*[http://www.AdvanceWomen.org/ Center for the Advancement of Women]
 
 
*[http://www.cawinfo.org/ Committee for Asian Women]  
 
*[http://www.cawinfo.org/ Committee for Asian Women]  
*[http://www.europeanfeministforum.org/ European Feminist Forum]
 
*[http://www.feministinitiative.ca/ FemINist INitiative of Canada]
 
 
*[http://now.org NOW] - National Organization for Women in the United States.  
 
*[http://now.org NOW] - National Organization for Women in the United States.  
*[http://www.wluml.org/english/ Women living under Muslim laws]
 
 
*[http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0405/24/i_ins.00.html Muslim Women Rebel In France]  
 
*[http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0405/24/i_ins.00.html Muslim Women Rebel In France]  
 
*[http://www.ffeusa.org Feminists for Free Expression]  
 
*[http://www.ffeusa.org Feminists for Free Expression]  
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*[http://www.fnsa.org/ Feminism &amp; Nonviolence Studies]  
 
*[http://www.fnsa.org/ Feminism &amp; Nonviolence Studies]  
 
*[http://www.susanbrownmiller.com Susan Brownmiller.com: Where Feminism Lives]  
 
*[http://www.susanbrownmiller.com Susan Brownmiller.com: Where Feminism Lives]  
*[http://www.fembio.org/default.shtml FemBio - Notable Women International]
 
 
*[http://www.mediaradar.org/ RADAR]  
 
*[http://www.mediaradar.org/ RADAR]  
*[http://organizenow.net/cco/right/antifem.html Female Anti-Feminism for Fame and Profit], by Jennifer Pozner
 
 
*[http://www.irfi.org/articles/articles_101_150/religious_conservatism.htm Riffat Hasan on ''Religious conservatism: Feminist theology as a means of combating injustice towards women in Muslim communities/culture'']  
 
*[http://www.irfi.org/articles/articles_101_150/religious_conservatism.htm Riffat Hasan on ''Religious conservatism: Feminist theology as a means of combating injustice towards women in Muslim communities/culture'']  
 
*[http://www.jwa.org/feminism Jewish Women and the Feminist Revolution] from the Jewish Women's Archive  
 
*[http://www.jwa.org/feminism Jewish Women and the Feminist Revolution] from the Jewish Women's Archive  
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*[http://www.thirdwavefoundation.org/ Third Wave Foundation]
 
*[http://www.thirdwavefoundation.org/ Third Wave Foundation]
  
 
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[[Category:Theory]] [[Category:Governance]] [[Category:Initiatives]] [[Category:Laws]]
 
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[[Category:Theory]][[Category:Governance]][[Category:Initiatives]][[Category:Laws]]
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Revision as of 18:15, 12 July 2011

371px-Woman-power emblem svg.png
Feminism comprises a number of social, cultural and political movements, theories and moral philosophies concerned with gender inequalities and equal rights for women.

Contents

History

According to some, the history of feminism consists of three waves. The first wave was in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the second was in the 1960s and 1970s and the third extends from the 1990s to the present. Feminist Theory developed from the feminist movement. It takes a number of forms in a variety of disciplines such as feminist geography, feminist history and feminist literary criticism.

Throughout much of its history, most of the leaders of feminist social and political movements, as well as many feminist theorists, have been predominantly middle-class white women from western Europe and North America. However, at least since Sojourner Truth's 1851 speech to US Feminists, women of other races have proposed alternative feminisms. This trend accelerated in the 1960s with the Civil Rights movement in the United States and the collapse of European colonialism in Africa, the Caribbean, parts of Latin America and Southeast Asia. Since that time, women in former European colonies and the Third World have proposed alternative "post-colonial" and "Third World" feminisms as well. Some Postcolonial feminists, such as Chandra Talpade Mohanty, are critical of Western feminism for being ethnocentric. Black feminists, such as Angela Davis and Alice Walker, share this view.

Impact and Focus

Feminism has altered aspects of Western society, ranging from culture to law. Feminist political activists have been concerned with issues such as a woman's right of contract and property, a woman's right to bodily integrity and autonomy (especially on matters such as reproductive rights, including the right to abortion, access to contraception and quality prenatal care); for protection from domestic violence; against sexual harassment and rape; for workplace rights, including maternity leave and equal pay; and against other forms of discrimination.

Since the 1980s, feminists have argued that the feminist movement should address global issues (such as rape, incest, and prostitution) and culturally specific issues (such as female genital mutilation in some parts of Africa and the Middle East and glass ceiling practices that impede women's advancement in developed economies) in order to understand how gender inequality interacts with racism, homophobia, lesbophobia, colonialism, and classism in a "matrix of domination." Other feminists have argued that gendered and sexed identities, such as "man" and "woman", are social constructs meaning that some gender roles are socially conditioned rather than innate.

See Also


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