Gender Equality in Sudan

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Flag of Sudan
Population (in Mil.) 37.71
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 62.69
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.02
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.05
Fertility Rate 4.84
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 6.1
Women in Parliament (in %) 24.6
Human Development Index 171/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 85/86
Gender Inequality Index 171/186
Gender Equity Index 142/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 128/128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Sudan has very high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 105%.
  • In 2012, 56% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 53% of boys.
  • There is no recent available data on secondary enrolment rates.
  • In 2012, 65% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 82% of men.
  • In 2010, women had on average 3 years of schooling compared to 4 years on average for men.[2]


  • In 2013, there were 4 600 maternal deaths, representing 360 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 80 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • In 2010, 29% of women had an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 33% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 76% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 29% of the total labour force.
  • There is no recent data available on women's share of vulnerable employment.
  • There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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