Pierre Bourdieu

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Pierre Bourdieu (1 August 1930 – 23 January 2002) was a French sociologist. He is considered as a Neo-Marxist, as he investigated the links between economic, social and cultural capital.

He also worked on the masculine domination in the society, its causes and consequences.

Contents

Biography

Pierre Bourdieu was born in Denguin, in southern France on 1 August 1930.

Gender equality

Masculine domination

Bourdieu wrote a book named La Domination masculine in 1988. In this book, Bourdieu makes a sociological analysis of the relations between men and women, in which he tries to explain the causes of the masculine domination.

Masculine domination is an habitus giving to men and women a specific role in society.

Statistics show that society - especially family - imposes a different culture on men and women, so that women tend to head toward certain education and jobs. For instance, girls are less encouraged to chose a scientific education than boys. Hence an assymetry between arts studies, where the population is highly feminine, and technical and scientific studies, where the population is highly masculine.

Moreover, traditionnaly female activities such as cooking obtain a noble status when lead by men - who are called "Chef" -, as if by magic.

Dehistorization

Masculine domination tends to perpetuate through dehistorization: the historial causes of masculine domination would actually be natural causes. Women would just naturally prefer certain activities (clothing, cooking, cleaning, child care...). The idea of dehistorization is to justify masculine domination by giving an appearance of objectivity.

Solution

For Boudieu, one of the solutions to cancel masculine domination is love.

Bibliography

Selected works

See also

Sources

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