Gender Equality in Nigeria

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Flag of Nigeria
Population (in Mil.) 168.83
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 462.98
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.01
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.019607843
Fertility Rate 4.73
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.58
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 10.3
Women in Parliament (in %) 6.7
Human Development Index 153/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 79/86
Gender Inequality Index 153/186
Gender Equity Index 165/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 119/128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Nigeria has very high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign


Key facts

  • CEDAW: ratified in 1985
  • CEDAW Protocol: ratified in 2004
  • Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2005

The Campaign

On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.

The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.

Country Focus: Nigeria

Although Nigeria has ratified the main international and regional women’s rights protection instruments, discrimination against women persists widely both in law and practice. The Coalition of the Campaign is concerned that 25 years since Nigeria’s ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the government has failed to adopt a law to allow CEDAW to be invoked before Nigerian courts.

The Coalition remains particularly concerned by the following violations of women’s rights in Nigeria: persistence of discriminatory laws; lack of harmonisation between statutory and customary laws and application of Sharia laws in the northern states; violence against women, including widowhood rites; and obstacles to access to employment, decision-making positions and health services.

Read more


  • Focal Points: BAOBAB, CLO, WILDAF-Nigeria
  • Recommendations of the CEDAW Committee, July 2008
  • Nigeria CEDAW NGO Coalition Shadow Report to CEDAW June – July 2008

The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women? 

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Nigeria, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Nigeria


The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

FAO logo.jpg

The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Nigeria, please visit the report on Nigeria in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.


External Links

Article Information
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