Gender Equality in Namibia
Flag of Namibia
|Population (in Mil.)||2.26|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||13.02|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||1.02|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.081967213|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)||0.61|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||9|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||24.4|
|Human Development Index||128/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||21/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||128/186|
|Gender Equity Index||24/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||63/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||44/68|
|More information on variables|
- CEDAW: ratified on 23 November 1992 without reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 26 May 2000
- National CEDAW report (2013)
- Maputo Protocol: ratified on 11 August 2004
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no National Action Plan
- Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare
- National Gender Policy (2010-2020)
- Five Year Strategic Plan 2010-2014
- National Plan of Action on Gender-Based Violence (2012-2016)
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Namibia has low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/namibia
Key gender statistics
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 103%.
- There is no recent data available on secondary enrolment rates.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 6 years of schooling.
- In 2013, there were 81 maternal deaths, representing 130 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 52 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 56% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 65% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 49% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 8% of women were in vulnerable employment compared to 8% of men.
- In 2012, 27% of women were in agricultural employment compared to 28% of men.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women's Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review