Integration of Thai Government and Foundation to Women and Children's problem
- This article was written by group 6 in Srinakharinwirot University, as part of the Wikigender University Programme.
- There are a number of intrinsic Children's rights such as the right to survive and to have basic needs met, the right to develop and to reach their fullest potential, the right to be protected from harm, exploitation, and abuse, and the right to participate. Child and youth protection refers to society's responsibility to protect children and youth from threats, physical abuse or lack of access to basic needs such as food, and to protect the rights of children to be free from harm. Problems facing children often occur in troubled families, especially in the case of abusive males. Later in the article we’ll see why many governments, public sectors, foundations and individuals focus their attention on attempting to solve the issues facing children in modern society.
Current Situation in the World
- Every three seconds, there is a sexual violation against women in America. The record says that women are 70 percent of the abuse difficult and four thousand people were killed by the hands of her husband.
- One study reported that there were six thousand families in America, which accounted for 50 percent of the men who have abused his wife and children. The study also reflected 40 percent of American women said that they were affected by the father’s violence that happened to her mother, and a further 40 percent in this women express the same atmosphere they have seen violence from father to mother.
- It is perhaps more alarming that there are up to 20 percent of girls who suffer sexual abuse from their own father. The daily lives of these girls, no hope of marriage because they were aware of the violence against the mother. The cause of the incident was from the unstructured valuable in life. The reason is the economic crisis in America and for the life of the family and there is a lot of unemployment. The problem was caused by the divorce as well. “Many adverse effects of economic crisis (poverty) and life partner incur most of the problems in the family. They have no money even in the divorce and separation, and to raise their children. When they divorced, it is necessary to have the same roof.” It has been reported by the Washington Post.
- The above figure illustrates to us that the cause of Children's problem in Thailand is similar to the one in the United States. The main reason behind domestic abuse enacted on women and children is insufficient income caused by an economic troubles or unemployment. Such abuses are less likely to occur in wealthier families where fathers have the means to provide for their family.
The Cooperation between Thai Government and PAVENA Foundation
- Four Thai women were forced into prostitution after being lured to Bahrain by pimps promising high-paying jobs, arrived in Thailand on 11 May. The government granted them THB15,000 to help them get back on their feet. They are also to undergo rehabilitation provided by the Pavena Foundation, an NGO (non-profit organization) fighting for the rights of children and women. 
- The DSI (The Department of Special Investigation) rescued girls who were forced to provide sexual services to customers. DSI raided two karaoke bars, Nam Cha and Ting Lee, in district of Prachin Buri. Authorities rescued more than 20 girls from Laos aged 13-17 who were forced into prostitution. They arrested staff on charges of human trafficking. The Pavena Foundation for Children and Women helped police with the raid. 
- These two stories from Thailand have shown us that Women and Children were abused even in the United States and Thailand.
- Ms. Yingluck Shinawatra, Thailand’s Prime Minister stated that domestic violence is a public problem that occurs in every society and every country all over the world. Both governmental agencies and civil society organizations in several countries acknowledge the need to address the problem, especially violence against women and children. This severe problem undermines family institution and serves as a foundation for violence in the society if left unnoticed. The Prime Minister further stated that Thailand has enacted the Royal Decree on protecting domestic violence victims B.E. 2550 which emphasizes on protecting victims, correcting, recovering, and changing behaviors of persecutors so that violence act will not recur. Although the Royal Decree has entered into force for 5 years, it lacks a concrete law enforcement mechanism. The situation gets even worse as a result of people’s perception that domestic violence is a family matter and outsiders thus should not interfere. Therefore, people need to contradict this attitude so that women and children equally access to justice.
- The Prime Minister also stated that it is Her Royal Highness Princess Bajrakittiyabha's benevolence to raise her concern about the issue and appoint Office of the Attorney General to serve as the main mechanism campaigning against violence by following His Majesty the King’s initiative. Moreover, the princess promoted the legal publication in order to stimulate understanding in legislative intention and mechanisms among officials working on legal enforcement. She also advocated a campaign for educating and promoting attitude change among people so that they acknowledge the significance of preventing and addressing domestic violence. The process starts with understanding the intention and creating attitude change namely “No one deserves violence”. Changing attitude leads to changing style of working. An nonviolent society called “Violence-Free Thai Society” which she believed is the ultimate goal for everyone. To achieve that goal, a campaign needs to be launched in order to stimulate understanding about the changing attitude among civil society groups and people so that officials and responsible agencies can do their best under the Royal Decree on protecting domestic violence victims B.E. 2550. In addition, the campaign also deals directly with women who need to acknowledge their own rights and protection from the state under strict law enforcement.
- Currently, Thai women constitute more than half of the whole population; therefore, the government needs to establish the Women Empowerment Fund as a mechanism to enhance the effectiveness of women’s role. According to a survey, women face two main problems namely women’s health, and women’s quality of lives in terms of equality. There are a number of women who would like to strengthen their roles and earn their livings. Therefore, the Women Empowerment Fund directly deals with the social question, especially with women’s problems. The government cooperates with several women-related organizations ranging from Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Education which takes direct responsible for women, to a number of Committees. In terms of policy, the government covers women and children from the womb to seniority. The characteristic of the Women Empowerment Fund is to place women at the center and seek for ways in which women can develop their skills. The Women Empowerment Fund focuses on 3 woman groups namely:
- Underprivileged women or victims who call for justice
- Women in need of health care and income
- Women with leadership who need to develop their leadership since their childhood; therefore, they grow up as capable women who step onto the world stage. The Women Empowerment Fund aims at supporting Thai women to exercise their roles on the world stage.
- The Fund integrates the work with every ministry working on women’s issue, as well as with foundations and woman organizations in order to support each other’s works. We can now see that the integration of every sectors both pubic and private can cooperate to provide the rehabilitation to the victim and to protect and give them advice to prevent from violence by supporting contribution.
- Generation Peace Academy (GPA) on March 13, 2012 had contributed time and effort with several organizations combating sex trafficking.Their first project was with the Development and Education Programme for Daughters and Communities (DEPDC). The organization works to protect and empower children from communities where they are at risk of being pulled into the sex industry. At the DEPDC’s school center, GPA helped out with a variety of projects, including opening up more space for sports for the children, building a plant nursery, and teaching classes on ballroom dancing, origami, English and Japanese language lessons and martial arts. GPA also worked with the Pavena Foundation for Children and Women. Ms. Pavena Hongsakula, former minister of the Prime Minister Office of Thailand and former deputy minister of labor and social welfare, founded the non-profit organization (NGO) with the goal to help those who have been abused. The NGO provides support and teaching skills to open up new opportunities in the lives of the victims. GPA worked at the Pavena Foundation’s support center where victims of abuse come for free consultations and to seek help, including legal support or physical and mental rehabilitation. At the center, GPA members helped with beautification projects around the property and played with the children living at the center’s safe houses. During their time with the Pavena Foundation, members of GPA attended a conference titled “Human Trafficking: A Crime Against Human Dignity.” The event was co-sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Women’s Federation for World Peace – Thailand (WFWP). In attendance at the conference was Etienne Clement, deputy director of UNESCO Bangkok, Gen. Terdsak Merrome, president of Universal Peace Federation – Thailand (UPF), the president and vice president of WFWP – Thailand, Police Col. Panya Pinsook, as well as several distinguished guests.
About PAVENA Foundation
- Former Member of Parliament, Bangkok, six sessions Former Minister of the Prime Minister and Former Deputy Minister of Labour. She graduated Master Degree in Political Economics, Faculty of Economics at Chulalongkorn University and Master Degree in Faculty of Political Science, Ramkhamhaeng University.
|1998||Outstanding Women|| The National Council of Women of Thailand
under the Royal Patronage of Her Majesty The Queen
|1999||Top Women|| Association for the Promotion of the Status of Women
under the Royal Patronage of HRH Princess Soamsawali
|2002|| Outstanding Women of the Year
in the Rights of Children and Women
|The Organizing Committee for the Women of the Year|
|2003||Honorary Award given to the PAVENA Foundation for Children and Women||The Organizing Committee for the National Youth|
|2005||national praise to the Pavena Foundation for Children and Women as a public benefit organization||The Office of Promotion of Social Welfare|
|2007||Outstanding Women in Buddhism||On the occasion of International Women's Day of the United Nations|
- Ms. Pavena Hongsakula, a six-time Bangkok Member of Parliament (MP), Former Minister to the Prime Minister’s Office in Charge of Tourism, and Former Deputy Minister to the Labor and Social Welfare Department said:
- In 1988, when I first became a Bangkok MP, I had the opportunity to visit “Bann Kedthakarn”, which is a government owned rehabilitation and vocational training center under the leadership of the Labor and Social Welfare Department that provides services to former prostitutes. While at the facility, I came across an 11 year old child who was knitting. When I asked her under what circumstances she was brought here, she replied that she had been sold by her step-father to a brothel. She had been placed at the center by the police for rehabilitation. I was terribly shocked to learn what had been done to this 11 year old girl, and I thought about my own, who in contrast came from a caring and warm family environment. I realized that my child should not take his lives for granted. I went home the day in tears after I spoke to the girls and women about their lives.
- Since that first visit and as a newly elected MP, I decided that I would become involved in helping these poor women and children in addition to performing my legislative duties. After a few years of working as a committee member on the House Standing Committee on Women and Children, as well as other related committees, it became clear to me that most of my work in Parliament would be in the area of long-term policy matters. What was needed was a prompt and effective rescue operation, coupled with a seamless entrance into traditional rehabilitation programs. In addition, these women and girls needed knowledgeable legal preparation in order to secure needed evidence and witnesses to testify at the legal proceedings against the abusers. This was the origin of the PAVENA Rescue Squad. The Rescue Squad is a collaboration between several government offices; such as the National Police Force, the Department of Public Welfare and the private sector. The demand for the Squad was so great that on April 27, 1999 the PAVENA Foundation was established in order to address the needs of these women and girls in a more formal way. The acronym PAVENA stands for “Protection of Abused Victims in Emergency Need of Assistance”.
- During the early years of the Foundation the PAVENA Rescue Squad was granted legal status and was funded through the government budget process, chaired my MP H.E. Pavena Hongsakula. When a new government came to power, the Committee was dissolved. Following the end of government support, much of the money for the important work of the foundation was provided by the founder H.E. Pavena Hongsakula and by generous donations from organizations such as the “Lions International Foundation” which was overseen by the Thailand Regional Coordinator, The Asia Foundation and more. Many friends and supporters have been very generous over the years in their contributions in support of the children and women that we serve.
- As an organization we continue to campaign to make sure that people are informed about the law, especially the penalties for torture, rape, excessive physical punishment of children by their parents or guardians to name a few. It is important that women and children know that they have rights and do not have to live a life as a victim. We were established to become the voice of those who are being abused. We work with people who are victims and provide them with all of the assistance necessary to help them stand-up and help them become the voice of hope in the battle against violence in their lives. 
The Purpose of PAVENA Foundation
- "The PAVENA Foundation for Children and Women" was established in 1999 with the primary purpose of helping to alleviate the suffering of children and women who were raped or forced into prostitution domestically, here in Thailand and abroad. The PAVENA Foundation for Children and Women helps to get fair treatment for the victims of abuse. The Foundation was established to provide support, but also to become the voice of these children and women in a world with potential danger just around the corner. They support these children and women’s life in society that allows them to live without fear and realize happiness.
- They are able to help these victims through a cooperative effort with other agencies and government programs. When they have investigated a report of abuse, they verify, and then make the proper referrals to an appropriate school or rehabilitation program. In many cases they are able to send these victims home or to the home of a trusted relative. In some cases if the victim cannot return to their family or to live on their own, they will find a safe place for them to live or they can live in one of the Foundation Safe Houses. They will also provide them with medical care, and pay for their expenses, which can include transportation, clothing, food, and in the case of children, send them to school while they are involved with legal proceedings. 
PAVENA’s Book: People who are close to you can be dangerous
- Ms. Pavena Hongsakula reminds children and women that someone close to you can be evil!
- Ms. Pavena Hongsakula, President of the PAVENA Foundation for Children and Women wrote this book in order to share her experiences about providing social assistance to children and women for more than 20 years. In this book Pavena shares with her readers the reality that someone that maybe close to you, who you think you can trust, may in reality be a threat.
- This book discusses situations that are dangerous to children and women, such as sexual harassment, intimidation, forced prostitution, rape, and other forms of abuse. Including how children and women are victims of human trafficking in other countries. This book is a collection of real stories, based on actual cases and experiences of Pavena Hongsakul.
- These cases are being brought to light and in most situations all will survive, but the wounds inflicted on the victims both physically and mentally will take time to heal and not heal overnight. It is important to understand that it is often the people closest to you that can be dangerous and cause harm. It takes many voices to speak together to make a difference in the lives of abused children and women. It takes all of society, not just one person to solve the social problems and demand justice for the ones who have only one voice. Today is the day to end violence against children and women, and this needs to be part of the global agenda. With many voices we can make a difference. 
Other Thai Foundations which involved with Women and Children
Goodwill Group Foundation
- Goodwill Group is a private Thai foundation initially established in Bangkok in December 2000.
- The mission of Goodwill Group is to improve the quality of life of young Thai women via skills training and career services. The underlying philosophy of our organization is best found in the words of Ruby Manikan, "If you educate a man you educate a person, but if you educate a woman you educate a family." In a male-oriented society where education opportunities for the poor are few, women are less likely to receive them. Most of our students have migrated to Bangkok from the Northeast and are working to support not only themselves, but also their parents and quite often, children living upcountry with them. With little education and few job skills, these women often face a lot of pressure, both direct and indirect, to enter the sex industry. The lack of universal access to education is a major challenge in Thailand, yet we believe that women are more in need of a helping hand so that is where we have placed our focus.
Bangkok Mothers and Babies International (BAMBI)
- BAMBI is a non-profit organization which is a mother-led volunteer organization that provides information, support and companionship for pregnant women, mothers of babies and small children. BAMBI was founded in April 1982. It is a project of the Childbirth & Breastfeeding Foundation of Thailand (CBFT).
- The aims:
- To provide pre-natal and post-natal support.
- To provide support and advice to the parents of babies and young children.
- To provide information relating to childbirth and childcare.
- To develop and promote educational programs designed to assist in establishing high quality and flexible childcare.
- To encourage the setting of playgroups for young children.
- To sponsor activities beneficial to the members of BAMBI.
- To support charitable organizations in Thailand involved with the family or child welfare including the making of financial donations where appropriate.
The Foundation for Women (FFW)
- FFW is a non-governmental organization providing services to women and based in Bangkok, Thailand. FFW implements activities by applying human rights principles aiming at respecting, protecting and promoting the rights of individual women and girl child. FFW was formed in 1984 when we established a Women's Information Centre, providing advice to Thai women who were to go abroad. In 1986, we opened a women's shelter for victims of domestic violence. In 1988, FFW expanded its activities with the launch of a community-based education project (Kamla) to inform people about the problems of child prostitution. The Kamla project was illustrated in the UN Plan of Action Combating the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution as an example to combating child prostitution by launching public education. While working for gender equality/equity and social justice, FFW encourages the participation of women and community in solving their problems and collaborating with authorities at all levels in shaping plans and policies that affect the lives of women and children.
- ↑ WiserEarth,(2012).Rights of the Child Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ WiserEarth,(2012).Child and Youth Protection Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ Thailand's single-mom and single-dad, (2009). Retrieved 23 September 2012
- ↑ Violation in American,(2012). Retrieved 23 September 2012
- ↑ Scalabrini Migration Center. Philippines,(2007).Asian Migration News Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ Bankok Post,(2011).Rescued Laos Girls Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ Government of Thailand,(2012).Government urges Ministries concerned to develop Phung Dai Center as a permanent mechanism to improve women and children conditions Retrieved 19 September 2012
- ↑ Government of Thailand,(2012).Government works on 4 strategies to drive the Women Empowerment Fund forwards, forms 5 Sub-Committees, and emphasizes on participation from every sector as the main direction. Retrieved 19 September 2012
- ↑ Unification Church of America.,(2012).Generation Peace Academy Fights Human Trafficking in Thailand Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ PAVENA Foundation,(2012).Awards Received Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ PAVENA Foundation,(2012).PAVENA Foundation History Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ PAVENA Foundation,(2012).Why the PAVENA Foundation was Founded Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ PAVENA Foundation,(2012).PAVENA's Books Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ Goodwill Group Foundation,(2012).Goodwill Group Foundation Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ BAMBI,(2012).BAMBI Retrieved 18 September 2012
- ↑ The Foundation for Women,(2012).FFW Retrieved 18 September 2012
- The members of Current Economic Problems and Issues are:
- From left to right by following
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