Gender Equality in Haiti

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Flag of Haiti
Population (in Mil.) 10.29
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 7.89
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.98
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.049180328
Fertility Rate 3.07
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) ..
Women in Parliament (in %) 4.2
Human Development Index 161/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 31/86
Gender Inequality Index 161/186
Gender Equity Index 126/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

In the News

Special Focus - Haiti's rape crisis Article 18 of the Constitution of Haiti prohibits discrimination and, in 1994, the government established a Ministry for the Status of Women. Tradition still restricts Haitian women in the exercise of their rights, however, and they do not have the same social and economic status as men. Women in rural areas remain most confined to traditional roles and activities. Nearly half of Haitian households are headed by women.

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Haiti has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in discriminatory family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

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The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Haiti, please visit the report on Haiti in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.


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