Gender Equality in the Democratic Republic of Congo

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Democratic_Republic_of_Congo
flag_Democratic_Republic_of_Congo.png
Flag of Democratic_Republic_of_Congo
Population (in Mil.) 65.71
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 29.31
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.99
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.0625
Fertility Rate 5.24
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)
Women in Parliament (in %) 8.9
INDICES
Human Development Index 142/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 84/86
Gender Inequality Index 186/186
Gender Equity Index 146/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

In the news

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Democratic Republic of the Congo has very high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/congo-dem-rep


References


The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign

Africa4womensrights.png

Key facts

  • CEDAW: ratified in 1986
  • CEDAW Protocol: not signed, not ratified
  • Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2009


Campaign

On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.

The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.

Country Focus: the Democratic Republic of Congo

Although the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Protocol to the African Charter Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol), it has still not ratified the Protocol to the CEDAW.

The Coalition of the Campaign is concerned by: the persistence of discriminatory legislation, notably in the Family Code; sexual violence perpetrated with complete impunity in conflict zones, as well as in zones of relative stability; traditional harmful practices such as early and forced marriage; limited access to education, health and employment.

Read more

Sources

  • Focal Points: LIFDED, Group Lotus, ASADHO, Ligue des électeurs, WILDAF-Democratic Republic of Congo
  • CEDAW Committee Recommendations, August 2006
  • Ligue pour la défense des droits de l’Homme (LDH)
  • FIDH, Democratic Republic of the Congo: Breaking impunity www.fidh.org
  • Interparliamentary Union, www.ipu.org
  • UNICEF
  • The Africa for Women's Rights campaign


The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women?  

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Democratic Republic of Congo, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Democratic Republic of Congo
page.

Sources


The FAO Gender and Landrights Database

FAO logo.jpg

The FAO Gender and Landrights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on The Democratic Republic of Congo, please visit the report on The Democratic Republic of Congo in the FAO Gender and Landrights Database.

Sources


Progress Assessment of MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Millennium Development Goal #3 is divided into three sub-categories, each of them focusing on different areas: education, employment wage and political power.

Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

The 2010 Report of United Nations Development Programme and the Government of DRC shows that the ratio of girls to boys in primary level of education was at 0.9, for secondary education at 0.8 and in the tertiary level at 0.5[1].

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

Given the civil war that have been afflicting this country for more than a decade, the condition of women in Congo is one of the direst in Africa. Modest progress has been noted though. In 2007, the share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector was 34%

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament

Women held 8.4% of the seats in the National Assembly of DRC in 2010, and 4.6% of the seats in the Senate. UNDP and the Government of DRC deems parity in this sector very unlikely for 2015[2]..

The Millennium Development Goal Track Global Index for the Democratic Congo is at 6%. The MDG track evaluates progress made by countries towards the targets of the MDGs. Furthermore the country is estimated to be öff-track [3]

DRC's MDG Track Index by Goal in 2010

References

  1. United Nations Development Programme. Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo. 2010. Country Report (french)
  2. United Nations Development Programme. Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo. 2010. Country Report (french)
  3. Millennium Development Goal Track Global Index for Congo, Dem. Rep

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