Gender Equality in Zimbabwe

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Zimbabwe
flag_Zimbabwe.png
Flag of Zimbabwe
Population (in Mil.) 13.72
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 12.47
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.95
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.018181818
Fertility Rate 3.63
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 6.2
Women in Parliament (in %) 31.5
INDICES
Human Development Index n.a./187
Social Institutions and Gender Index /86
Gender Inequality Index 172/186
Gender Equity Index 111/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Zimbabwe has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in restricted civil liberties and higher discrimination in discriminatory family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/zimbabwe

The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign

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Key facts

  • CEDAW: ratified in 1991
  • CEDAW Protocol: not ratified
  • Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2008

The Campaign

On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.

The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.

Country Focus: Zimbabwe

Although Zimbabwe has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol), it has not yet ratified the Optional Protocol to CEDAW.

The Coalition of the Campaign remains particularly concerned by the following violations of women’s human rights in Zimbabwe: the persistence of discriminatory laws; discrimination within the family; violence against women; obstacles to access to employment; under-representation in political life; and inadequate access to health services.

Read more

Sources

  • Focal Point: Zimrights
  • UNFPA
  • Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS)


The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women?  

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court.Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Zimbabwe, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Zimbabwe
page.

Sources


The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

FAO logo.jpg

The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Zimbabwe, please visit the report on Zimbabwe in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.

Sources

External Links

Case Studies

  • Advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment - the experience of the Women’s Coalition in Zimbabwe (The original version of this case study was included in the report “Key messages and case studies for the Third High Level Forum”, from the workshop on “Strengthening the development results and impacts of the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness through work on gender equality, social exclusion and human rights”, London, 12-13 March 2008).
  • A community-centred approach to health in Zimbabwe (This case study was prepared by the DAC GOVNET’s task team on human rights. The original version of this case study was included in the report “Key messages and case studies for the Third High Level Forum”, from the workshop on “Strengthening the development results and impacts of the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness through work on gender equality, social exclusion and human rights”, London, 12-13 March 2008).

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