Gender Equality in Uganda

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Flag of Uganda
Population (in Mil.) 35.40
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 23.72
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.99
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.035087719
Fertility Rate 6.69
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.73
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 4.2
Women in Parliament (in %) 35
Human Development Index 161/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 73/86
Gender Inequality Index 161/186
Gender Equity Index 85/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 102/128
Global Gender Gap Index 46/68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Uganda has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in restricted civil liberties and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 103%.
  • In 2013, 93% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 90% of boys.
  • In 2010, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 95%.
  • In 2010, 22% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 23% of boys.
  • In 2010, 65% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 83% of men.
  • In 2010, women had on average 5 years of schooling compared to 6 years on average for men.[2]


  • In 2013, there were 5 900 maternal deaths, representing 360 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 122 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • In 2011, 34% of women had an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 77% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 80% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 49% of the total labour force.
  • There is no recent data available on women's share of vulnerable employment.
  • There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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