Gender Equality in Tanzania
Flag of Tanzania
|Population (in Mil.)||48.65|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||38.81|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||0.99|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.033898305|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)||0.69|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||2.1|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||36|
|Human Development Index||152/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||47/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||152/186|
|Gender Equity Index||97/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||95/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||66/68|
|More information on variables|
- CEDAW: ratified on 20 August 1985 without reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 12 January 2006
- National CEDAW report (2014)
- Maputo Protocol: ratified on 3 March 2007
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no National Action Plan
- Ministry of Community Development, Gender and Children
- Communication Strategy on the National Action Plan for the Prevention and Erdaication of Violence Against Women and Children 2007-2015
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, United Republic of Tanzania has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in discriminatory family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/tanzania
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2010, the ratio of female to male primary enrolment was 103%.
- In 2010, 85% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 82% of boys.
- There is no recent available data on secondary school enrolment rates.
- In 2010, 61% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 75% of men.
- In 2010, women had on average 5 years of schooling compared to 6 years on average for men.
- In 2013, there were 7 900 maternal deaths, representing 410 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 121 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- In 2010, 22% of women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 90% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 91% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 50% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 80% of women in the labour force were vulnerable employment, compared to 69% of men in the labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2012
- Africa for Women's Rights: Tanzania
- Kivulini Women's Rights Association
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women's Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review