Gender Equality in South Africa

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Flag of South_Africa
Population (in Mil.) 52.34
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 397.39
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.99
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.075471698
Fertility Rate 2.3
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) ..
Women in Parliament (in %) 42.3
Human Development Index 121/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 4/86
Gender Inequality Index 121/186
Gender Equity Index 12/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 38/128
Global Gender Gap Index 17/68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, South Africa has low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in discriminatory family code and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • There is no recent data available on primary and secondary enrolment rates.
  • In 2013, 93% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 95% of men.
  • In 2010, women and men had on average 10 years of schooling.[2]


  • In 2013, there were 1 500 maternal deaths, representing 140 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 49 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 49% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 64% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 45% of the total labour force.
  • In 2011, 11% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 9% of men in the labour force.
  • In 2012, 4% of women in the labour force were in agricultural employment compared to 6% of men in the labour force.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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