Gender Equality in South Africa
Flag of South_Africa
|Population (in Mil.)||52.34|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||397.39|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||0.99|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.075471698|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||..|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||42.3|
|Human Development Index||121/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||4/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||121/186|
|Gender Equity Index||12/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||38/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||17/68|
|More information on variables|
- CEDAW: ratified on 17 March 1989 without reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report (2010)
- Maputo Protocol: not ratified
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no National Action Plan
- Ministry of Women in the Presidency of The Republic of South Africa
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, South Africa has low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in discriminatory family code and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/south-africa
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on primary and secondary enrolment rates.
- In 2013, 93% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 95% of men.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 10 years of schooling.
- In 2013, there were 1 500 maternal deaths, representing 140 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 49 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 49% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 64% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 45% of the total labour force.
- In 2011, 11% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 9% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 4% of women in the labour force were in agricultural employment compared to 6% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2012
- Ages of consent to sex in South Africa
- Corrective Rape in South Africa
- Virginity Testing in South Africa
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women's Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review