Gender Equality in Senegal

  • Edit
  • Discuss
  • History
Jump to: navigation, search

Flag of Senegal
Population (in Mil.) 13.73
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 14.05
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.94
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.048387097
Fertility Rate 4.78
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.57
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 7.9
Women in Parliament (in %) 42.7
Human Development Index 154/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 41/86
Gender Inequality Index 154/186
Gender Equity Index 121/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 108/128
Global Gender Gap Index 67/68
More information on variables

In the News

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Senegal has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign


Key facts

  • CEDAW: ratified in 1985
  • CEDAW Protocol: ratified in 2000
  • Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2005

The Campaign

On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.

The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.

Country Focus: Senegal

Although Senegal has ratified the main international and regional women’s rights protection instruments, many of their provisions continue to be violated in law and practice.

The Coalition of the Campaign remains particularly concerned by the following violations of women’s rights in Senegal: persistent discriminatory legislation, notably in family law, harmful traditional practices, such as early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation, widespread violence against women, limited access to education, employment, decision-making positions, health services and land.

Read more


The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women? 

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Senegal, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Senegal


The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

FAO logo.jpg

The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Senegal, please visit the report on Senegal in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.

The UN Secretary General's database on violence against women

The UN Secretary General's database on violence against women has been established to coordinate the efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women and to determine the impact of the policies and programs for combating such violence. It has been established after a resolution from the General Assembly of the United Nations calling for an intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women.

Sources of Information

The primary source of information for the database is the responses received from Member States to the questionnaire on violence against women, of September 2008, and subsequent updates. Other sources of information include:

  • States parties' reports to human rights treaty bodies.
  • Information provided by Member States in follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women (1995); for reports of the Secretary-General; and in statements made at the United Nations.
  • Information available through relevant United Nations entities

"For detailed information on Senegal, please visit the country page evaluation in the ""Senegal's country page in the UN's Secretary General database on violence against women"

Progress Assessment of MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Millennium Development Goal #3 is divided into three sub-categories, each of them focusing on different areas: education, employment wage and political power. `

MDG Tracking Index of Senegal-2010

Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

Gender Parity Index in primary Level Enrolment was at 0.94 in 2004[1] and according to the Senegalese MDG assessment, it was attained in 2006[2].At the secondary, it is at 1.07 and at 0.66 at the tertiary level. The women/men literacy rate in Senegal was 0.77 in 2011 UNDP Senegal. [3]

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

26.5% were paid workers in the non-agricultural sector in 2005.

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament

19.2% of the Parliament seats were held by women in Senegal in 2007[4]. In 2010, a law was voted which established compulsory parity in all the elective functions in Senegal. [5]

The MDG Track Global Index for Senegal is at 31% in 2010 and the country is deemed as "off track".[6]


  1. UNP. MDG Monitor. Senegal.
  2. Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement: Progrés réalisés et perspectives.2010.Ministére de l'économie et des Finances, Senegal.
  3. Millennium Development Goals.
  4. UNP. MDG Monitor. Senegal.
  5. Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement: Progrés réalisés et perspectives.2010.Ministére de l'économie et des Finances, Senegal.
  6. MDG Track Global Index. Senegal

External Links

Article Information
Wikiprogress Wikichild Wikigender University Wikiprogress.Stat ProgBlog Latin America Network African Network eFrame