Gender Equality in Rwanda
Flag of Rwanda
|Population (in Mil.)||11.46|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||7.22|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||0.99|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.06557377|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||5.5|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||63.8|
|Human Development Index||167/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||28/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||167/186|
|Gender Equity Index||22/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||/68|
|More information on variables|
- CEDAW: ratified on 2 March 1981 without reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 15 December 2008
- National CEDAW report (2007)
- Maputo Protocol: ratified on 25 June 2004
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): National Action Plan launched in May 2010
- Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion
- Other institutions: Rwanda Women Parliamentary Forum; National Women's Council; Gender Monitoring Office
- Strategic Plan (2011-2016) (Gender Monitoring Office)
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Rwanda has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/rwanda
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 103%.
- In 2013, 95% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 92% of boys.
- There is no recent available data for secondary enrolment rates.
- In 2010, 62% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 71% of men.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 4 years of schooling.
- In 2013, there were 1 300 maternal deaths, representing 320 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 32 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- In 2011, 21% of women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 88% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 86% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 52% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women's share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women's Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review