Gender Equality in Niger

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Niger
flag_Niger.png
Flag of Niger
Population (in Mil.) 17.16
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 6.61
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.01
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.01754386
Fertility Rate 7.6
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 1.5
Women in Parliament (in %) 13.3
INDICES
Human Development Index 186/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 72/86
Gender Inequality Index 186/186
Gender Equity Index 151/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Niger has very high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in discriminatory family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/niger

The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign

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Key facts

  • CEDAW: ratified in 1999 with reservations to articles 2(d) and (f); 15(4); 16(1)(c)(e) and (g)
  • CEDAW Protocol: ratified in 2004
  • Maputo Protocol: signed in 2004

The Campaign

On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.

The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.

Country Focus: Niger

Although Niger ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) more than 10 years ago, it has done so with numerous reservations which leave it devoid of meaning. Furthermore, Niger has still not ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol).

The Coalition of the Campaign remains particularly concerned by: the overlapping of different sources of law creating legal uncertainty; the absence of legislation governing marriage and divorce; harmful traditional practices such as early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation; trafficking in women and girls; and limited access for women to education and employment. Read more

Sources

The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women?  

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Niger, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Niger
page.

Sources


The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

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The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Niger, please visit the report on Niger in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.

Sources

Progress Assessment of MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Millennium Development Goal #3 is divided into three sub-categories, each of them focusing on different areas: education, employment wage and political power.

Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

Niger's ratio of girls to boys in primary school was at 0.75 in 2008, from 0.62 in 1997. .[1]. At the secondary level, from the same period, it progressed from 0.58 to 0.61. No available data for the ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education were accessible in Niger's 2010 Report on the Millennium Development Goals.

This national ratio hides huge disparities between Niger's regions. Even if progress was noted among all the districts between 1997 and 2008, the best performances were noted in Zinder (+21.4%) and Maradi (+20.8%)[2]. The most modest progresses were noted in Niamey (+0.02%) and Tillabéry (+7.83%).

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

Women composed 36.11% of the workforce in the non-agricultural sector of Niger in 2008[3]. The districts of Diffa (25%), Tahoua (25%)and Zinder (27%) have the lowest percentages of women in the non-agricultural sector of Niger.

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament

The proportion of women in decision-making posts remains low. If there was progress between 1993 (2.4%) and 2004 (12.4%) in the percentage of women in the national parliament, a disappointing drop was noted in 2009 (9.7%).

Overall the Millenium Development Goal Track Index of Niger is at 21% and the country is deemed as "off track" for the 2015 targets [4]

References

  1. Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement. Niger. OMD 3
  2. Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement. Niger. 2010
  3. Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement. Niger.2010
  4. Monitoring Progress Towards the Millennium Development Goals. MdgTrack. Niger

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