Gender Equality in Namibia

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Flag of Namibia
Population (in Mil.) 2.29
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 13.02
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.02
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.081967213
Fertility Rate 2.49
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.61
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 9
Women in Parliament (in %) 24.4
Human Development Index 128/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 21/86
Gender Inequality Index 128/186
Gender Equity Index 24/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 63/128
Global Gender Gap Index 44/68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Namibia has low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 103%.
  • There is no recent data available on secondary enrolment rates.
  • There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
  • In 2010, women and men had on average 6 years of schooling.[2]


  • In 2013, there were 81 maternal deaths, representing 130 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 52 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 56% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 65% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 49% of the total labour force.
  • In 2013, 8% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 8% of men in the labour force.
  • In 2012, 27% of women in the labour force were in agricultural employment compared to 28% of men in the labour force.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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