Gender Equality in Myanmar

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Flag of Myanmar
Population (in Mil.) 52.54
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 74.69
Sex Ratio (m/f)
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.063492063
Fertility Rate
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 11
Women in Parliament (in %) 6
Human Development Index 149/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 44/86
Gender Inequality Index 149/186
Gender Equity Index 164/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Myanmar has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

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