Gender Equality in Mozambique
Flag of Mozambique
|Population (in Mil.)||25.20|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||14.95|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||0.95|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.020408163|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)||0.81|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||1.5|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||39.2|
|Human Development Index||185/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||39/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||185/186|
|Gender Equity Index||103/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||26/68|
|More information on variables|
- 1 Social Institutions
- 2 The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign
- 3 The Women, Business and the Law
- 4 The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.
The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Mozambique has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/mozambique
The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign
- CEDAW: ratified in 1997
- CEDAW Protocol: ratified in 2008
- Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2005
On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.
The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.
Country Focus: Mozambique
Although Mozambique has ratified the main international and regional women’s rights protection instruments, their provisions are often violated in law and practice.
The Coalition of the Campaign is particularly concerned by the following continued violations of women’s rights in Mozambique: the persistence of discriminatory laws; violence against women; limited access to property, education and healthcare; and obstacles to access to justice.
- Focal Point: WLSA-Mozambique
- Liga Moçambicana dos direitos humanos (LMDH),
- FIDH and LMDH, Women’s rights in Mozambique, May 2007
- Recommendations of the CEDAW Committee, June 2007
- Inter-Parliamentary Union
- The Africa for Women's Rights campaign
- WILSA-Mozambique, the campaign focal point in Mozambique
The Women, Business and the Law
Where are laws equal for men and women?
The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.
For detailed information on Mozambique, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Mozambique page.
The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database
The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.
The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:
- National legal frame
- International treaties and conventions
- Customary law
- Land tenure and related Institutions
- Civil society organizations
- Selected Land Related Statistics
For detailed information on Mozambique, please visit the report on Mozambique in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.
- Ministry of Health-led Irish Aid-Clinton Foundation partnership on HIV/AIDS in Mozambique (This original version of this case study was included in the report “Key messages and case studies for the HLF-3 roundtables from the workshop on “Strengthening the development results and impacts of the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness through work on gender equality, social exclusion and human rights”, London, 12-13 March 2008”).