Gender Equality in Mozambique
Flag of Mozambique
|Population (in Mil.)||25.73|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||14.93|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||0.95|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.020408163|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)||0.81|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||1.5|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||39.2|
|Human Development Index||185/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||39/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||185/186|
|Gender Equity Index||103/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||26/68|
|More information on variables|
- CEDAW: ratified on 21 April 1997 without reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 4 November 2008
- National CEDAW report (2005)
- Maputo Protocol: ratified on 9 December 2005
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no National Action Plan
- Ministry of Women's Affairs and Social Welfare
- National Plan for Prevention and Combating Violence against Women (Available in Portuguese)
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Mozambique has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/mozambique
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 95%.
- In 2013, 85% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 90% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 98%.
- In 2013, 18% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 19% of boys.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women had on average 1 year of schooling compared to 2 years on average for men.
- In 2013, there were 4 800 maternal deaths, representing 480 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 133 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- In 2011, 29% of women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 86% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 83% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 53% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women's share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2012
- Africa for Women's Rights: Mozambique
- Graça Machel
- Luisa Dias Diogo
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women's Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review