Gender Equality in Mozambique

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Flag of Mozambique
Population (in Mil.) 25.73
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 14.93
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.95
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.020408163
Fertility Rate 5.46
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.81
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 1.5
Women in Parliament (in %) 39.2
Human Development Index 185/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 39/86
Gender Inequality Index 185/186
Gender Equity Index 103/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index 26/68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Mozambique has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 95%.
  • In 2013, 85% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 90% of boys.
  • In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 98%.
  • In 2013, 18% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 19% of boys.
  • There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
  • In 2010, women had on average 1 year of schooling compared to 2 years on average for men.[2]


  • In 2013, there were 4 800 maternal deaths, representing 480 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 133 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • In 2011, 29% of women had an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 86% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 83% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 53% of the total labour force.
  • There is no recent data available on women's share of vulnerable employment.
  • There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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