Gender Equality in Mauritius

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Flag of Mauritius
Population (in Mil.) 1.26
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 11.44
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.97
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.1
Fertility Rate 1.79
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.45
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 24.9
Women in Parliament (in %) 18.8
Human Development Index 80/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index /86
Gender Inequality Index 80/186
Gender Equity Index 72/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 37/128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

The Constitution of Mauritius has been amended to include gender in the definition of discrimination. In addition, the government adopted (in 2000) a law against sexual discrimination. All citizens are equal under Mauritian legislation, but the society is very multi-cultural and remains firmly rooted in tradition. Moreover, men dominate the social system.

Approximately 17% of the population of Mauritius is Muslim; family life within this community is governed by Islamic Sharia law, which contradicts the principle of non-discrimination in the areas of adoption, Marriage, Divorce and Inheritance.

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Mauritius was not classified in the SIGI due to lack of full dataset. It has lower discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets and higher discrimination in restricted physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women?  

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court.Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Mauritius, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Mauritius


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