Gender Equality in Kenya

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Flag of Kenya
Population (in Mil.) 42.54
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 50.41
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.050847458
Fertility Rate 4.19
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.65
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 4
Women in Parliament (in %) 18.6
Human Development Index 145/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 46/86
Gender Inequality Index 145/186
Gender Equity Index 104/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 86/128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Kenya has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in restricted civil liberties and higher discrimination in restricted physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 104%.
  • In 2012, 84% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 82% of boys.
  • In 2012, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 97%.
  • In 2012, 55% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 57% of boys.
  • There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
  • In 2010, women had on average 6 years of schooling compared to 7 years on average for men. [2]


  • In 2013, there were 6300 maternal deaths, representing 400 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 93 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • There is no data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 63% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 73% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 47% of the total labour force.
  • There is no recent data available on women's share of vulnerable employment.
  • There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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