Gender Equality in Ghana

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Flag of Ghana
Population (in Mil.) 25.54
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 41.94
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.98
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.033333333
Fertility Rate 3.48
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.66
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 8.8
Women in Parliament (in %) 10.9
Human Development Index 135/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 50/86
Gender Inequality Index 135/186
Gender Equity Index 94/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 91/128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Ghana has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • In 2014, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 100%.
  • In 2014, 89% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 89% of boys.
  • In 2014, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 97%.
  • In 2014, 54% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 55% of boys.
  • In 2010, 65% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 78% of men.
  • In 2010, women had on average 6 years of schooling compared to 8 year on average for men . [2]


  • In 2013, there were 3100 maternal deaths, representing 380 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 57 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • In 2013, 37% of women had an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 69% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 72% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 50% of the total labour force.
  • In 2010, 84% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 69% of men in the labour force.
  • In 2010, 38% of women in the labour force were employed in agriculture compared to 46% of men in the labour force.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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