Gender Equality in Ghana
Flag of Ghana
|Population (in Mil.)||25.37|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||41.74|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||0.98|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.033333333|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)||0.66|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||8.8|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||10.9|
|Human Development Index||135/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||50/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||135/186|
|Gender Equity Index||94/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||91/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||/68|
|More information on variables|
- 1 Social Institutions
- 2 The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign
- 3 The Women, Business and the Law
- 4 The FAO Gender and Landrights Database
- 5 Progress Assessment of MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
- 6 External Links
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.
The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Ghana has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/ghana
In the news
- Afrol News 14.07.2010 : Unsafe abortions a main killer of Ghana women
The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign
- CEDAW: ratified in 1986
- CEDAW Protocol: signed in 2000
- Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2007
On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.
The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.
Country Focus: Ghana
Ghana has ratified both the main international and regional instruments protecting women’s rights; the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol), without reservations. Ghana has also ratified the Optional Protocol to CEDAW.
The Coalition of the Campaign remains particularly concerned by the following violations of women’s rights in Ghana: the persistence of discriminatory laws; violence against women; unequal status in marriage, family, and inheritance matters; unequal access to employment, decision-making, and lack of access to quality health services.
- Focal Points: WILDAF-Ghana
- Ligue pour la défense des droits de l’Homme (LDH)
- Recommendations of the CEDAW Committee, July 2005
- Inter-Parliamentary Union, www.ipu.org
- Amnesty International, www.amnestyinternational/ghana
- UNCIFEF, www.unicef.org
- The Africa for Women's Rights campaign
- WILDAF-Ghana, the campaign focal point in Ghana
The Women, Business and the Law
Where are laws equal for men and women?
The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.
For detailed information on Ghana, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Ghana page.
The FAO Gender and Landrights Database
The FAO Gender and Landrights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.
The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:
- National legal frame
- International treaties and conventions
- Customary law
- Land tenure and related Institutions
- Civil society organizations
- Selected Land Related Statistics
For detailed information on Ghana, please visit the report on Ghana in the FAO Gender and Landrights Database.
Progress Assessment of MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
Millennium Development Goal #3 is divided into three sub-categories, each of them focusing on different areas: education, employment wage and political power.
Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament