Gender Equality in Egypt

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Flag of Egypt
Population (in Mil.) 85.66
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 262.82
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.03
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.073529412
Fertility Rate 2.97
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.26
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 30.4
Women in Parliament (in %)
Human Development Index 112/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 65/86
Gender Inequality Index 112/186
Gender Equity Index 132/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 80/128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Egypt has very high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment rates.
  • In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 100%.
  • In 2013, 85% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 86% of boys.
  • In 2012, 66% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 82% of men.
  • In 2010, women and men had on average 7 years of schooling. [2]


  • In 2013, there were 860 maternal deaths, representing 45 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 42 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 26% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 79% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 24% of the total labour force.
  • In 2013, 46% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 21% of men in the labour force.
  • There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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