Gender Equality in Egypt
Flag of Egypt
|Population (in Mil.)||85.66|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||262.82|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||1.03|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.073529412|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)||0.26|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||30.4|
|Women in Parliament (in %)|
|Human Development Index||112/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||65/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||112/186|
|Gender Equity Index||132/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||80/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||/68|
|More information on variables|
- CEDAW: ratified on 18 September 1981 with reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report(2008)
- Maputo Protocol: not ratified
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- The National Council for Women (NCW)
- National Strategy for Mainstreaming Gender in Climate Change in Egypt (2011)
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Egypt has very high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/egypt-arab-rep
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment rates.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 100%.
- In 2013, 85% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 86% of boys.
- In 2012, 66% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 82% of men.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 7 years of schooling. 
- In 2013, there were 860 maternal deaths, representing 45 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 42 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 26% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 79% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 24% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 46% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 21% of men in the labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2012
- Women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)
- Women's Rights in the Arab World Poll - Thomson Reuters
- Polygamy in Egypt
- Arab Women Organization
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women's Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review