Gender Equality in the Central African Republic

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Flag of Central_African_Republic
Population (in Mil.) 4.53
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 2.17
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.98
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.085106383
Fertility Rate 4.63
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 2.6
Women in Parliament (in %)
Human Development Index 180/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index /86
Gender Inequality Index 180/186
Gender Equity Index 156/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Central African Republic has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here:


Progress Assessment of MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Millennium Development Goal #3 is divided into three sub-categories, each of them focusing on different areas: education,employment wage and political power.

Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

Girls to boys ration in 2006 was at 0.72 in the Central African Republic; in the secondary level it was at 0.73 during the same year. The dropout rate of women remain still high in the Central African Republic, particularly at the secondary and tertiary levels. Only 2% of women graduate in medicine studies[1]

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

A study conducted by the department of Civil service found that 16.5% of officials were women.[2]

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament

According to the MDG Country Monitor, women held 10.5% of seats of the National Parliament of CAR in 2007[3]. United Nations Development Program and Centrafrica's tracking results in 2010, put this percentage at 9.52 (10 out of 105). Furthermore, women held 11.76% of ministerial portfolios in 2010 (4 out of 34).


  1. [1].pdfPNUD. Republique Centrafricaine.2010.Rapport de suivi sur les OMD.
  2. [1].pdfPNUD. Republique Centrafricaine.2010.Rapport de suivi sur les OMD.
  3. MDG Monitor. Central African Republic

External Links

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