Gender Equality in Botswana
Flag of Botswana
|Population (in Mil.)||2.13|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||14.79|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||1.02|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||0.978723404|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)||0.47|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||7.4|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||7.9|
|Human Development Index||119/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||119/186|
|Gender Equity Index||45/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||77/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||/68|
|More information on variables|
- CEDAW: ratified on 13 August 1996 without reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 21 February 2007
- National CEDAW report (2008)
- Maputo Protocol: not ratified
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Ministry of Labour and Home Affairs, Gender Affairs Department
- Botswana 365 day National Action Plan to end Gender Violence
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Botswana was not classified in the SIGI due to lack of full dataset. It has lower discrimination in restricted physical integrity and higher discrimination in restricted civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/botswana
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 101%.
- In 2012, 91% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 90% of boys.
- There is no recent data available on secondary school enrolment rates.
- In 2012, 87% of girls aged 15+ were literate compared to 86% of boys.
- In 2010, women had on average 9 years of schooling compared to 10 years on average for men. 
- In 2013, there were 170 maternal deaths, representing 83 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 43 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 75% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 83% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 47% of the total labour force.
- In 2010, 16% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 10% of men in the labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2012
- Africa for Women's Rights: Botswana
- Women and African Economic Development
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women's Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review