Gender Equality in Angola

  • Edit
  • Discuss
  • History
Jump to: navigation, search

Flag of Angola
Population (in Mil.) 20.82
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 115.34
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.02
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.06
Fertility Rate 5.97
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.63
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 3.7
Women in Parliament (in %) 34.1
Human Development Index 148/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index /86
Gender Inequality Index 148/186
Gender Equity Index 79/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Angola has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here:


The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women?  

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court.Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Angola, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Angola

The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

FAO logo.jpg

The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Angola, please visit the report on Angola in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.

Progress Assessment towards MDG3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Millennium Development Goal #3 is divided into three sub-categories, each of them focusing on different areas: education, employment wage and political powe

Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

With the progress made in MDG2 and a parity index of between 0.95% and 1.05% can be said that there came to be a balance in primary education in Angola. Yet at the level of secondary schooling, particularly in rural areas, there is still much work to be done to raise awareness for the rights of women and their emancipation, so that it can, in future, contribute so much more efficient as a democratization agent and development in Angola.

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliament

15% of Seats were held by women in 2007[1]. From UNDP Angola assessment, in terms of proportion of seats held in the Parliament and in decision making, Angola has been considered among the 10 countries with greater participation of women in decision making. In 2010, there is an increasing participation of women in the Parliament (44%) and in Government (33%)United Nations Development Programme Angola.MDG 3. This marks a steady progress in Angla's society toward the fulfillment of MDG3.


  1. MDG Monitor.Angola.


  • Gender and Land Rights Database
  • AFROL, Gender Profiles – Angola,
  • CEDAW (2004a), Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 18 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of States parties, Angola, CEDAW/C/AGO/4-5.
  • CEDAW (2004b), Summary record of the 655th meeting, CEDAW/C/SR.655.
  • Ducados, H. (2004), Angolan women in the aftermath of conflict, Conciliation Resources,
  • Human Rights Watch, Overview of Human Rights Issues in Angola,, accessed 9 May 2007.
  • IFAD (2002), Angola – A Review of Gender Issues in Support of IFAD’s COSOP Formulation Process and Field Diagnostic Study, Report No. 1328-AO.
  • OECD (2006), The Gender, Institutions and Development Database
  • Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
  • The Gender Law Library

Article Information
Wikiprogress Wikichild Wikigender University Wikiprogress.Stat ProgBlog Latin America Network African Network eFrame