Ivory Coast

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Ivory_Coast
flag_Ivory_Coast.png
Flag of Ivory_Coast
Population (in Mil.) 19.84
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 27.10
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.03
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.040816327
Fertility Rate 3.92
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.48
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 8.9
Women in Parliament (in %) 10.4
INDICES
Human Development Index 168/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 61/86
Gender Inequality Index 168/186
Gender Equity Index 148/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 121/128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Cote d'Ivoire has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/cote-d039ivoire

References


The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign

Africa4womensrights.png

Key facts

  • CEDAW: ratified in 1995
  • CEDAW Protocol: not signed
  • Maputo Protocol: signed in 2004, not ratified 

The Campaign

On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.

The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.

Country Focus: Cote D'Ivoire

Although Côte d’Ivoire ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1995, the government has never submitted a report on implementation of its provisions to the UN Committee in charge of monitoring its application (CEDAW Committee). Côte d’Ivoire has not ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) or the Optional Protocol to CEDAW.

Read more

Sources

  • Focal Points: WILDAF-Cote D'Ivoire
  • Ligue pour la défense des droits de l’Homme (LDH)
  • Recommendations of the CEDAW Committee, July 2005
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union, www.ipu.org
  • Amnesty International, www.amnestyinternational/cote_d'ivoire 
  • UNCIFEF, www.unicef.org
  • The Africa for Women's Rights campaign
  • WILDAF


The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women?  

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court.Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Cote D'Ivoire, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Cote D'Ivoire
page.

Sources


The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

FAO logo.jpg

The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Ivory Coast, please visit the report on Ivory Coast in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.

Sources


Millennium Development Goal #3

Goal: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Target 3.A: “Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015.”[1]

Millennium Development Goal #3 is divided into three sub-categories, each of them focusing on different areas: education, employment wage and political power.[2]

1. Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

The situation of boys and girls at the age of attending primary school has been threatened since 2002, date of the beginning of the political crisis in Ivory Coast. Many children were unable to attend school because they did not have any birth certificate. This situation particularly affected girls.

In 2008, several Ivoirian institutions signed a Memorandum in favour of girls’ education. The aim was to develop decentralised territorial entities, the problem of gender equality in the field of education in Ivory Coast being based on the lack of awareness at the local level. Decentralisation in Ivory Coast started in 1995 but it was interrupted because of the political crisis shaking the country since 2002. This Memorandum was thus a way to restart this transfer of competencies to local authorities. It was thoroughly conducted with UNGEI, national institutions, UN agencies and NGOs. Some infrastructures were developed to favour girls’ education, as well as empowerment measures focused on mothers of schoolgirls.

This experience demonstrated that local authorities are more powerful to develop the access to basic services like education or health. Decentralization is fundamental as a way to empower local populations.[3]

The ratio of girls to boys in primary education was 0,88 in 2008, not far from the goal to reach in 2013(0,90) – the aim being to have gender equality in this domain in 2015.[4]

2. Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

Only 22,3% of the work force in the non agricultural sector are women.[4]

On the contrary, they have a very important role in the agricultural sector, producing from 60 to 80 of the country’s food. Nevertheless, they did not occupy any leading position in the agricultural institutions and organisations. It led ANADER (Agence nationale d’appui au développement rural - the National Agricultural Services Agency) to integrate a create a gender unit and develop a gender focus approach. The goal was to increase the number of female staff and leaders.[5]

3. Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament

Gender equality is far from being satisfactory in terms of political power. A few women were part of former governments, and only 8,07% of them hold a seat in the Parliament. At the local level, the situation is not better, as they were only 9 women amongst the 197 mayors of the country in 2005.[4]

References

  1. MDG #3 on UN website
  2. MDG Monitor - Target 3.A
  3. MDG #3 in Ivory Coast - Good Practice
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Country focus: MDG #3 in Ivory Coast
  5. UNDP: Innovative Approaches to Promoting Women's Economic Empowerment

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