Gender Equality in Costa Rica

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Flag of Costa_Rica
Population (in Mil.) 4.65
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 45.30
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.01
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.064935065
Fertility Rate 1.93
Estimated Earned Income (f/m)
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 25.6
Women in Parliament (in %) 38.6
Human Development Index 62/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 2/86
Gender Inequality Index 62/186
Gender Equity Index 38/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 45/128
Global Gender Gap Index 31/68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Costa Rica has low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in restricted civil liberties and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: rica rica

The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women?  

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Costa Rica, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Costa Rica


The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

FAO logo.jpg

The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Costa Rica, please visit the report on Costa Rica in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.


External Links

Article Information
  • Page created by Denis, 01/04/2008
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