Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 12 March 1996 with reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report 2011
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Women development department of Punjab
- Women development department of Sindh
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Pakistan’s score was 0.3013, placing it among countries with a high level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very high levels of discrimination in family code and son bias and medium levels in physical integrity, resources and assets and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/pakistan
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2013 the ratio of female to male primary enrollment was 87%.
- In 2013, 67% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 77% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrollment was 74%.
- In 2013, 32% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 43% of boys.
- In 2011, 42% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 67% of men.
- In 2010, women had on average 4 years of schooling compared to 6 years on average for men.
- In 2013, there were 7 900 maternal deaths, representing 170 maternal deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 27 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19)
- In 2013, 20% of married women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 26% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 86% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 22% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available for women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- In 2014, 76% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 34.5% of men in the labour force.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
3.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2016
- Meena : A UNICEF initiative
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia/Pacific
- UN Women Pakistan
- UNDP in Pakistan
- Pakistani Women Human Rights Organization
- UNICEF national report Pakistan
- UNICEF country program Pakistan