Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: Ratified on 9 July 1993
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Not Ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2012
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): No Action Plan
- Ministry of Women’s and Child Development
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, India’s score was 0.265, placing it among countries with a high level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very high levels of discrimination in family code and son bias and medium levels in physical integrity and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/india
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrollment was 103%.
- In 2011, the ratio of female to male literacy was 91%.
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male secondary school enrollment was 95%.
- In 2011, 59% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 79% of men.
- In 2010, women had on average 5 years of schooling compared to 8 years on average for men. 
- In 2013, there were 50 000 maternal deaths, representing 190 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 32 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19).
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2012, 28% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 82% of the male working-age population was.
- In 2012, women represented 24% of the total labour force.
- In 2010, 85% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 79% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 60% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 43% of men in the labour force.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
3.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2016
- Meena : a UNICEF initiative
- The overseas development institute