Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 3.1 Education
- 3.2 Health
- 3.3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 2 May 1983
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 13 May 2002
- National CEDAW report: 2012
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Ministry for Women and Gender Equality
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Venezuela’s score was 0.0389, placing it among countries with a very low level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very low levels of discrimination in son bias, physical integrity, resources and assets, but medium levels in family code and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/venezuela-rb
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2013, 90% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 92% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 98%.
- In 2013, 78% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 71.5% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 109%.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women on average 9 years of schooling compared to 8 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 650 maternal deaths, representing 110 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 82 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 55% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 83% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 39% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 30% of women and men were in vulnerable employment.
- In 2010, 2% of women in the labour force were employed in the agriculture sector compared to 13% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Americas and the Caribbean
- HRW Venezuela
- OECD Gender Index Venezuela
- UN ECLAC Gender Affairs
- Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Gender Equality Observatory
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Venezuela
- UNDP Human development report 2015
- UNDP Latin America report 2015/2016
- Report on MDG Latin America and the Caribbean
- UNICEF Country Programme Venezuela