Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: Ratified on 19 October 1984 with reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Not ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2006
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): No action plan
- Bureau of Women’s Affairs
- National Policy for Gender Equality
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Jamaica’s score was 0.135, placing it among countries with a medium level of discrimination in social institutions. It had low or very low levels of discrimination in son bias, physical integrity, family code and resources and assets, but very high levels in restricted physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/jamaica
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of primary school enrollment.
- In 2011, 76% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 72% of boys.
- In 2011, the ratio of female to male secondary enrollment was 105%.
- In 2012, 92% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 82.5% of men.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 10 years of schooling .
- In 2013, there were 40 maternal deaths, representing 80 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 69 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 61.5 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 74% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 45.5% of the total labour force.
- In 2012, 30.5% of women in the labour force were employed in vulnerable employment compared to 43% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 8% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 26% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Americas and the Caribbean
- HRW Jamaica
- OECD Gender Index Jamaica
- UN ECLAC Gender Affairs
- Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Gender Equality Observatory
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Jamaica
- UNDP Human Development Report 2015
- UNDP Latin America Report 2015/2016
- Report on MDG Latin America and the Caribbean
- UNICEF Country Programme Jamaica