Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: Ratified on 19 August 1981
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Not ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2015
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): No Action Plan
- Salvadorian Institute for Women’s Development
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, El Salvador’s score was 0.049, placing it among countries with a low level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very low level of discrimination in civil liberties, low levels in son bias and family code and medium levels in physical integrity and resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/el-salvador
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2013, 91% of both girls and boys were enrolled in primary school.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 100%.
- In 2013, 64% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 61% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary school enrolment was 103%.
- In 2011, 83% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 88% of men.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 8 years of schooling .
- In 2013, there were 88 maternal deaths, representing 69 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 75 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19).
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 51% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 82% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 42% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 46% of women in the labour force were employed in vulnerable employment compared to 31.5% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 5% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 32% of men in the labour force.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Americas and the Caribbean
- UNDP Human Development report 2015
- UNDP Latin America report 2015/2016
- Report on MDG Latin America and the Caribbean
- UN ECLAC Gender Affairs
- Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Gender Equality Observatory
- HRW delaying pregnancy against Zika virus (article)
- HRW Women’s right (article)
- OECD Gender Index El Salvador
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics El Salvador
- UNICEF Country Programme El Salvador 2012-2015
- UN Women gender equality El Salvador
- UN Women El Salvador